Needham Family

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Origins

Needham's of Rotherham

The earliest records of Needham's in Rotherham comes in the Parish Registers. In 1500 a Sarah Needham is buried but we know nothing about her. We have to wait 76 years for the first baptism, 62 years for the first marriage and 82 years for the second burial .

Baptism of Needham's started in 1576 when Xpofr (Christopher) was baptised but no mention is made of this parents. After Christopher, there was a steady flow of baptism and by 1600 there had been eight baptisms of Needham's, Nedam's and even a Nedan

 

bap

bur

mar

1451-1500

0

1

0

1501-1550

0

0

0

1576-1600

8

7

5

1601-1650

12

8

8

1651-1700

20

25

7

1701-1750

57

28

15

1751-1800

79

52

43

1801-1837

39

51

37

Total

215

172

115

Table 1 Showing time dependence of birth, death & marriage; Parish records

Analysis of the records shows that once a couple start a family the number of baptisms grows in each 50 year period provided the male line does not stop growing; Table 1. As you would expect the number of burials lags the baptisms by about 50years. However, the number of marriages is about half that of baptism. This should not be a surprise as 50% of children in this time period died before they reached the age of 20.

There are three problems with data from the early Rotherham Parish records that make it very difficult to match children, parents and grand-parents.

  1. It was 1621 before they started logging who the names of the parents in the baptism records and then only the fathers name was recorded. Mothers weren't recorded until 1730 and then only half the record have the mothers name until 1795 from which date both the mother and father and father were recorded. Hence it is difficult to detail families and identify their parents
  2. The parents used few Christian names with four names accounting for a third of all baptisms. One Christian name was used for six children in a 10 year period and two children born in the same year had the same Christian name
  3. Between 1734 and 1832 there are thought to be 12 families where the father is John. Of these families, up to six of them have no mother identified. To make things harder, in a 10 year period one group of 16 children all had a Joseph as their father with no mother identified

Bear this in mind as an attempt is made to try to untangle the families and relationships. There will be errors in what I've done but I've tried my best and if you know otherwise please contact the administrator and he'll fall on his sword and make the corrections.

The first three/four baptisms of Christopher, Francis and Margaret(x2) between 1576 and 1582 would appear to be a family ie have the same parents, Table 2, but it's unclear who the parents are. Christopher, the oldest, was born in 1576 and dies in 1613; it would appear he didn't marry. Francis dies aged 16 in 1595 and the two Margaret's died before they were one. So, it would appear that this family line dies out. The father is unknown but he is likely to have been born around 1555 based on the age of the oldest child less 21. Why bring this up well there are other data that can now be looked at.

Table 2 First Family in Rotherham

Surname

First Name

Baptism

Where

Needham

Xpofr

25 Dec 1576

Rotherham Minster

Needham

Frauncis

04 Sep 1579

Rotherham Minster

Nedam

Margaret

28 May 1581

Rotherham Minster

Needam

Margaret

28 May 1582

Rotherham Minster

 

In 1562 Margaret Needham marries William Birley, four years later in 1566 an Ann Needham marries James Bethorne. And in a further six years Elizabeth Needham marries Robert Worrall. But we don't know anything about the parents of these three ladies although it is likely that they are sisters because of the closeness of their marriages and hence birth dates. Assuming they married around the age of 21 then their birthdates would be Margaret 1541, Ann 1545 & Elizabeth 1551. As we have seen the first family had an unknown father whose birth date could be expected to be around 1555 (birthdate of eldest child less 21). So, it is likely that he was the brother of the three sisters. However, all this is speculation and requires proof.

In 1583 William Nedham marries Anne Shawe and this would align with the second group of baptisms of Margaret (1584/5) Ann(e) (1590), Elizabeth (1593) and Margaret (1596/7), Table 3. Margaret b 1584/5 dies within a month of her birth but Ann marries Thomas Clayton in 1610 and Elizabeth marries George Green in 1615. Of the elder Margaret it looks as if she married John Sunter in 1618. But either way this family line dies. There is further information about this family. The father, William,is involved in property deals of land in Greasbrough, Masbrough, Dalton Parva between 1589 and 1601. But in Jul 1601 a William Needham dies and as this is the only known William it would appear it is the father of this family. Anne his wife probably died in 1640.

Table 3 Second Family in Rotherham

Surname

First Name

Baptism

 

Where

Needham

Margrett

11 Mar 1584

Rotherham Minster

Nedam

Margaret

11 Mar 1585

Rotherham Minster

Needham

Ann

22 Sep 1590

Rotherham Minster

Needam

Eliz

01 Apr 1593

Rotherham Minster

Nedam

Margaret

10 Jan 1596/7

Rotherham Minster

 

 

Hugh Needham

The traceable story begins now with Hugh Needham b around 1618. I've traced 9 generations descending from Hugh through into births in the middle of the 20 th century; Rotherham 5 tree. It would appear that the majority of Needham's in Rotherham are descended down Hugh's line. Hugh had three sons: Thomas b 1639/40, Simon b 1642 & Robert b 1646. I haven't been able to find a birth or marriage for Hugh. Similarly, I can find nothing about Simon but both Thomas and Robert married and had children.

Thomas had eight children, three by his first wife, Ellen, who died in 1667 and subsequently five with his second wife Ann Fisher who he married in 1667. However, all eight children were girls so the line died. Robert, however, did manager to keep the family line going for another generation. In 1669 he married Elizabeth Cravens from Wickersley. Over the next 20 years they had at least nine children of whom four were boys: Robert b 1678, Simon b 1681, Thomas b 1684 & Hugh b 1686. Familiar names? Thomas & Hugh died young but Simon and Robert married and had children. So, the Needham line continues.

Robert the eldest son married Susanna Perkin in 1699 and they had seven children of whom three were sons; George b 1699, Joseph b 1709 and Benjamin b 1709 (Twins?). George died young but Joseph and Benjamin married and had families. See below

Simon like his brother Robert married and had five children, of whom four were sons. What's his magic formula, four sons and only one daughter? Simon married Ann Tirrey in 1706 and the four sons were Robert b 1706 Thomas b 1711 John b 1714/5 and William in 1719. Williams baptism record states his father Simon was a labourer. In 1721 on his daughter Catherine's baptism record Simon is said to be a basketmaker. Similarly when William died in 1723 and the burial record said his father was a basketmaker – these are the first time an occupation is mentioned relating to the Needham's in Rotherham. Robert, Thomas and John all went on to have families. As you will find a high proportion of the male Needham's in Rotherham were either basketmakers or twiggers. I've not found out what twiggers do but basketmakers make baskets (well that's a surprise) commonly used to carry/store metal goods between/at work areas or finished goods to customers.

 

1. Descendants of Robert & Susanna – Rotherham 5

Robert and Susanna had two sons, Joseph and Benjamin both of whom went on to have families. Benjamin is not a common name so I believe that Benjamin was apprenticed to Joseph Swinden a scissorsmith from Attercliffe; he was freed in 1731. The following year he married Ellen Shemweld. In the next 15 years they had seven children of whom four were sons: Robert b1733, George b1735, William b1742 & Joseph b 1744. Of the four sons George died when he was 16 and although Joseph married Elizabeth Allin and had three children they were either girls or died young, consequently this part of the family line died. This leaves two son Robert and William and to date I haven't been able to find out anything about them

So, we are left with Joseph b 1709 and this is where the problems really kick in – See Appendix 1 for a summary of all 18 th century Joseph's and their wives and families. The earliest family with Joseph as a head of family was born in 1709 and had six children born between 1734 and 1746 ie Mary b1734, Hannah b 1735, Joseph b 1737, Ann b 1739, Dorothy b 1741 & Thomas b 1746, Table 4. On the baptism records of two of his children, Ann & Dorothy, his occupation is given as brickmaker while his three youngest children's baptism records say he was a twigger. He dies in 1779 age 73 which would imply he was born in 1706 but as there is only one Joseph born in this period ie 1709, I believe there is something amiss most probably with his age on the burial record. In 1733 he marries Ann Bancks. Ann dies in 1744 and a year later Joseph remarries (widower of Rotherham) Mary Hinch (widow of Darfield). They have a son, Thomas, before Joseph dies in 1779. But Joseph leaves a will in which he names all the children that are alive ie Thomas, Joseph, Hannah, Ann & Dorothy nb his daughter Mary dies in 1745, plus his wife Mary; he is described as a yeoman. There is a mismatch with occupations but is not unusual for a person to have more than one occupation, although I've not come across a Yeoman being a twigger & a brickmaker before. You must accept there is a strong possibility that there is more than one family involved here.

Table 4 Family 1

Name

Baptism

Occupation

Parent

Abode

Mary Needham

5 Jun 1734

Twigger

Joseph

Rotherham

Hanna(Anne) Needham

1 Jan 1735

Twigger

Joseph

Rotherham

Joseph Needham

3 Aug 1737

Twigger

Joseph

Rotherham

Ann Needham

3 Oct 1739

Brickmaker

Joseph

Rotherham

Dorothy Needham

15 Aug 1741

Brickmaker

Joseph

Rotherham

Thomas Needham

28 Nov 1746

 

 

Joseph

Rotherham

 

You can follow the trials and tribulations of these Needham's in Tree Rotherham 5

2.Descendants of Simon & Ann – Rotherham 5

As we have seen Simon had four sons: Robert b 1706 Thomas b 1711 John b 1714/5 and William b in 1719. William died in 1723 but the other three sons all married and had families. As usual nothing is simple or straight forward

2.1 Descendants of Robert b 1706

The problem is Robert – see appendix 2. Assuming the argument I've put in the appendix holds up, and there must be great doubt, then Robert fathered 17 children by his wife Ellen. Of these children eight were male: William b 1732, Robert b Jan 1736/7, John b Aug 1740, Thomas b Oct 1743, Joseph b 1744/5, Abraham b 1748, Hugh b 1752 & John b 1760. Three of these sons died shortly after they were born ie John later in Aug 1740, Thomas in Dec 1743 and Hugh in Feb 1753/4. In addition, I haven't found a marriage for Robert and he died in Apr 1768 aged 31. So that leaves four sons who married and had children that enabled the Needham line to continue: William, Joseph, Abraham & John

2.1.1 Descendants of William b 1732

William had 11 children between 1758 and 1777. In 1750 a William Needham married Sarah Murfin in Rotherham and it's the only marriage involving a William I can find. But if Sarah is the mother it's rather a long time – eight years – between the marriage and the birth of their first child. This would point to me that Sarah is not the mother; but it's the only marriage I can find. More recently a marriage has turned up of a William Needham, basket maker of Rotherham a bachelor, who married a Sarah Corker, a spinster, on 6 June 1756 at Gainsborough in Lincolnshire. This is more likely to be the right marriage and better fits the birth of the children including john Corker Needham born in 1777. If I'm correct it begs the question who was the William that married Sarah Murfin? To back this up William is a basketmaker and so was his father, Robert.

Of William's 11 children, three were sons, William b 1760, Joseph b 1768 James b 1774 and John Corker Needham in 1777. All three of the four sons married and had children. The eldest, William, married Sally Weatherill in 1779. They had five children all baptised in Sheffield of whom one was a son: John b 1794. I've found nothing to date on John. Interestingly William's occupation on the baptism records of the youngest two children is a basketmaker but from 1788 his occupation is a broker. In Gales & Martins directory there is a William Needham of Campo Lane who is a basketmaker & appraiser; this is believed to be our William. William dies before 1827 when his youngest daughter married

Joseph, William's second eldest son, married Mary Horton and they had six children including three boys: Joshua b1790, James b 1795 and Charles b 1803. James died the same year he was born, Charles died aged 21 and didn't marry. Joshua is more interesting. In 1804 he was apprenticed to Coggin & Pool grocers in Rotherham. In 1827 he married Ruth Lillyman in Pilham, Lincolnshire and they moved to Shoreditch where Joshua was a cheesemonger. They had at least one child, Mary. Joshua died in 1850 aged 60 leaving everything to his wife, Ruth. So the Needham line died.

Williams second youngest son was James who married Betty Buxton in 1802 and had eight children four of whom were boys: William b 1809, James b 1812, Mark b1815 and George b 1823. William remained single until his death in 1876, James and Mark died aged 17 and 6 respectively and I can't find anything out about George

2.1.2 Descendants of Joseph b 1744

Joseph married Sarah England and they had three children, the youngest of whom was John b 1774. John carried the Needham name forward another generation. He married Hannah Hays and they five children including John b 1801, joseph b 1804 and Henry b 1811. All three of John's sons had children and the line continued into the twentieth century

2.1.3 Descendants of Abraham b 1748

Like his brothers Abraham married and had a family. He and his wife, Mary Oldfield, had four children including a son, Abraham. Abraham married Sarah Richardson in Sheffield and until his early death in 1820 he was a Skip and Basket maker living at 19 West Bar. Abraham & Sarah had a boy William b 1806 and girl Mary. After Abraham's death Sarah & William continued the basket making business. Eventually William married and had four sons but none of them had children so the line died out.

2.1.4 Descendants of John b 1760

Robert's youngest surviving son, John b 1760, married Sarah Kitchingham and had five children including three sons, Robert b 1782, John b 1787 & James b 1791. I had drawn a blank wit Robert but on revisiting the records it would appear that he'd joined the regiment of Lancers at 19 (1801) and was discharged in 1823, However, a further trawl through the records reveals that In 1842 Robert born in Rotherham and aged 60 ie b 1782 was accused & imprisoned for three months for exposing himself to a woman with intent to insult. At the time he was living at 26 Quarryhill Leeds with an occupation of cloth drawer. His prison record states that he was married with two children. I haven't found anything else about him – well that's enough isn't it.

What of the others? it's probable that John died in 1833 still a bachelor (not found a marriage or family) but the youngest son, James is a mystery. I had thought he married Mary and had at least two children, Emma and a son Edwin b 1823 but no it would appear this James is from Peak Forest – see Peak Forest Tree. So, I've drawn a blank

 

2.2 Descendants of Thomas b 1711

Thomas, Simon and Ann's second eldest son married Hannah Masdin and had seven children of whom six were sons. John b 1732, William b 1734 and Thomas b 1739 all died before the age of 15. Of the other three: Henry lived to 50 (b 1745) but to date

I've found little about Simeon b 1743 and Francis although in Sept 1747 an unnamed Needham (Francis?) was buried in Rotherham and a Simeon was buried in 1743/4

 

2.3 Descendants of John b 1715

In the records there are two John Needham's son of Simon, the first being baptised on 3 Oct 1714 and the second of the 3 Oct 1715. This could either be an error in transcription or the younger John died within the year and his parents had a son within the year which they called John. Either way I've taken the baptism/birth year as 1715 of John. It's more than likely he married Margaret Wainwright in Sheffield in 1735; the record says they were both resident in Rotherham. Why get married in Sheffield? Well they had three children and the first, Martha, was born the month they were married! They had one son, the middle child, John b 1736/7. On all three children were baptised in Rotherham and these records show John b 1715 is described as a twigger. I can't be certain what became of John but he didn't marry or raise a family in Rotherham

 

Richard Needham & The Cutlers of Sheffield - Rotherham 9

 

While the descendants of Hugh resulted in the major part of clan Needham in Rotherham, those Needham's descending from Richard Needham, b abt 1614 should be recognised for different reasons. This, as will become apparent, should be one of the more important lines as it spawned descendants who were well known cutlers in Sheffield.

Richard married Gerlian Coplay and had seven children including three boys: Richard b 1641, Thomas b 1646 and Henry b1650. I can find little out about Henry, Thomas married Sarah Greene but would appear to have had no children, so continuity of the line was left to Richard. Richard had a son also called William b 1672.

William married Sarah Stevenson and they had a daughter and three sons: William b1697, Richard b 1706 & James b1711. James it would appear had a daughter, Sarah b1738, so the Needham line falters. His brother Richard b 1706 I can't find anything about but William married Sarah Gervas in Sheffield and had three children who were all born in Sheffield including two boys, John b 1721 and George b 1719. On both his sons' baptism record William is described as a labourer. Both John and George became apprentice cutlers and on George's apprentice record William's occupation is husbandman. If I'm correct it means that William has gone from a labourer to a husbandman; the question needs to be asked how did he achieve this change? I'll leave others to answer the question. From this point the Needham line moves from Rotherham and now centres on Sheffield. I can't find anything for certain about John other than his apprentice record but George is a different story.

George Needham b 1719 married Sarah Copeland in Sheffield in 1749. The following year the first of their ten children was born half of whom were sons: John b 1750, `George b 1754, William b 1760, Samuel b 1762 and Thomas b 1764. William & Thomas die young in 1761 & 1774 respectively and I can't be sure what happens to John and George but Samuel, like his father was a cutler, and he marries Sarah Hunt. They have two children one of whom is Henry Needham b 1791; now things start to get interesting.

Henry Needham is a diemaker/cutler and he marries Ann Brown in 1814 and they have nine children of whom six were sons William b 1815, Henry b 1817, Thomas Brown b 1819, Edwin b 1821, John b 1824 & Joseph b 1829. Their families can be followed in the tree Rotherham 9 but because of the cutlery links I'm going to focus on Thomas Brown Needham and his brother Edwin and then William & Joseph.

Thomas Brown was the third eldest son who became a cutler and lived with his parents in Garden Street until he married Sarah Fretwell in Aug 1842. Sarah was the step daughter of John Taylor a cutler who established a cutlery company and took out the Trade Mark “Eye Witness”. By 1851 Thomas Brown and Sarah have three boys, Frederick, John Taylor (presumable named after Sarah's step dad) and Thomas Brown; they can be found in the  Rotherham 9 tree  . The family were living at 27 St Phillips Street and Thomas Brown is described as a grocer but in 1852 Kelly's Directory describes Thomas as a Cutler and Shopkeeper (Table 1). At the same time (1851) John Taylor lived at No. 15 St. Philips Road and next door, at No. 17, lived Edwin Needham, Thomas Brown's younger brother, a spring knife cutler. But things were about to change because in 1853 Ruth Taylor dies and a year later on the 9th Jan 1854 John Taylor, the man who took out the 'Eye Witness' corporate mark dies. That same year Edwin Needham also dies. John made provisions in his will for his step daughter Lydia Hurt, his maid servant Elizabeth Gill, his brother William Taylor and a Sheffield Boys Charity school. However, he left all his property to his executor Thomas Needham. After John's death the business was run by Thomas Brown Needham who ran the company until his death in 1870. Following Thomas Brown's death, the Needham family retained an interest in the firm through Edwin, Thomas Brown's son. 

By 1876 the company joined forces with James Veall (d. 1906), in Milton Street and Walter Tyzack, joined the business as a partner in 1879. He as the eldest son of William and Sarah Tyzack and was born at Abbeydale in 1857. He lived in Norway and Sweden before becoming a partner in Needham and Veall. The business henceforth became Needham Veall & Tyzack. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fig An advertisement for the Taylor 's Eye Witness Works from the 1890s ref 3 

 

Together these men began to expand the business. The firm's growth seems to have been particularly marked in the 1890s, when they reorganised the business. In 1897 Needham Veall & Tyzack became a limited liability company, with a capital of £60,000, and with Walter Tyzack as chairman, and James Veall and William C. Veall (d. 1941), as directors. Edwin Needham was also a director of the firm, but was now living in Birmingham. At about the same time, the company purchased Nixon & Winterbottom, which was capitalised at £20,000 and made into a limited company. Needham Veall & Tyzack's purchase of this firm, which was one of the pioneers of machine-produced cutlery in Sheffield, may have been encouraged by a desire to acquire the machining production facilities. 

What of Henry's other sons?

William, the eldest son, was a pen knife cutler who married Elizabeth Wray in 1839 and had three daughters and a son William Henry. Unfortunately, William Henry died in infancy so he had no male heirs and the line died. In the 1841 census William is described as a pen knife cutler but in the 1851 census this has changed and William is a grocer living in Milton Street. His wife Elizabeth dies in 1857 and a year later he marries for the second time to Elizabeth Dewsnap. But things change. By 1861 he is described as a cutlery manufacturer and by 1881 as a cutlery manufacturer employing 42 Men 4 Boys & 4 Girls. He died in 1901.

Henry was the second eldest son b 1817 who for all his life was a spring knife cutler. In 1839 he married Elizabeth Holdsworth and they had six children including 5 sons. He died in 1865. It would appear that he had nothing to do with Needham Brothers but the same is not true of Edwin

The fourth eldest son was Edwin b 1821. In 1841 Edwin is living with his parents in Garden Street and is described as a Spring Knife Cutler. In July 1844 he marries Mary Cousins and in the same month their eldest son Francis is born. Edwin and Mary go onto have three more children one of whom was a son Joseph b 1847. Francis was apprenticed to William Moore, a spring knife cutler, and eventually marries Mary Anne Taylor in 1872. Francis and Mary Anne have two sons, Franz Joseph and Edwin George

According to the obituary of Edwin's youngest brother, Joseph who died in 1898, Edwin founded Needham Brothers at Baker's Hill with his youngest brother Joseph , i n 1851. Unfortunately, Edwin died three years later but Joseph continued manufacturing and trading using the same brand name - Needham Bros – and was joined at some stage by his brother William,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fig Obituary & Funeral of Joseph Needham

 

John b 1824, Henry's second youngest son had an interesting career. Like all the brothers he started out from his parents' home as a spring knife cutler (1841). By 1851 he was operating as a dentist (interesting career change), but 10 years later he was back as a spring knife cutler (I guess he wasn't a roaring success as a dentist), in 1871 a Grocer, 1881 a merchant managers clerk and from 1891 to his death in 1902 a cutlery manufacturing manager. He married Isabella Ellis in 1846 and they had five children all boys viz Isaac b 1847, John Henry 1850, Herbert b 1852, Charles Edward b 1856 & Joseph William b 1858 (see Rotherham 9 tree)

Joseph the youngest son was b in 1839. In 1851 he was living with his mum and was working as a spring knife cutler. He marries Mary Peel in 1859 and they have one daughter and no sons so the line dies. By 1881 he is described as a cutlery manufacturer employing 38 men 8 boys & 4 women. He died in 1898 and his obituary describes him as a much respected man with many quite diverse interests. He was the head of Needham Brothers when he died.

The first mention I've found to date for Needham Bros is in Directory of Topography of Sheffield in 1862. This is 11 years after the company was first formed by Edwin & Joseph and eight years after Edwin's death. But there is confusion as there are two companies called Needham Brothers in the 1862 Directory. The first has Henry William and Charles Needham as proprietors making spring knives at Cavendish works while the second sees William & Joseph Needham producing the same knife at the Hanover works on Milton Street. After 1862 I have found no more mention of the first Needham brothers but the same is not true of the firm of William & Joseph

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fig Reference to Needham Bros & Thomas Brown Needham. Directory of Topography of Sheffield in 1862

 

By 1881 Kelly's Directory refers to Needham Brothers, Cutlery Manufacturers, Commercial Works, 8 Baker's Hill. In the same Directory it mentions both a Joseph Needham and a William Needham of 423 Glossop Road as cutlery manufacturers and associates them with Needham Brothers. Additionally, the 1881 census return for William at his home address states he employs 42 men 4 boys & 4 girls while the census return for Joseph has him as a cutlery manufacturer employing 38 men 8 boys & 4 women nb same number of people broken down differently. Joseph & William Needham are respectively the youngest and eldest sons of Henry & Ann Needham born in 1829 and1815 respectively - more detail can be found in the   Rotherham 9 tree . As we have seen Joseph formed Needham Brothers with his late brother Edwin and a fourth brother Thomas ran a similar company that developed into Needham, Veall & Tyzack - see above. Joseph died in 1898 and William in 1901 with no male heirs  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fig Entries Kelly's Directory 1881 & Advert for Needham Bros.

 

Documents in the National archives (BT 31/31478/50526), state that Needham Brothers ltd was incorporated in 1896 18 months before the death of Joseph. From a notice in the Sheffield Daily Telegraph of Dec 1896 the main shareholders were: Joseph, William and Francis Needham who were all described as manufacturers, Mrs Mary Needham, W G Kelton, Frank Norton and Mrs Florence Norton. Florence was Joseph's daughter and Frank her husband.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fig Notice of registration of Needham Brothers Ltd; The Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 18 Dec 1896

 

Assay Office records in Sheffield show that marks were issued to Needham Bros Ltd of Baker's Hill in 1900 and 1901. William dies in 1901. A new mark was issued in 1903 but by then the company had moved to 36 Matilda Street; a further mark was issued in 1906. In 1905 White's Directory has the two brothers Edwin George & Francis Joseph plus their father Francis as cutlery manufacturers at Needham Brothers. Francis, as we have seen, was the eldest son of Edwin Needham, a co-founder of Needham Brothers. In the 1919 Register of    Trade Marks   issued by the Cutlers Company of Sheffield, Needham Bros had two: Repeat and Barclay Brothers. They produced a range of     cutlery, razors, scissors & skates    , examples of which are shown above. The question is who were the proprietors as both Joseph and William were dead? Needham Bros Ltd registered with the Sheffield Assay office on the 27th February 1920 with directors: Francis Joseph Needham, Effie Jane Needham, Mary Ann Needham & Harold Barnaby Collins. They were initially based at 36 Matilda Street and then moved to 82,Tenter Street, Sheffield. By 1933 the proprietors of Needham Bros were Francis Joseph Needham and Francis Edwin Needham. They registered a further mark on the 19th May 1933, the company was based at 111 Matilda Street, Sheffield.   

Who are all these people? Francis Joseph Needham & his brother Edwin George Needham were the sons of Francis & Mary Anne Needham & were born respectively in 1880 & 1874; they can be found in the   Rotherham 9 tree . They followed their fathers trade and were spring knife cutlers. In 1905 White's Directory has the two brothers Edwin George & Francis Joseph plus their father Francis as cutlery manufacturers at Needham Brothers.  

Francis Joseph married Effie Jane Collins and they had a daughter Nora and a son Francis Edwin who was associated with Needham Bros in 1933. Effie Jane had five siblings one of whom was Harold Barnaby Collins. Thus, we can account for all the people associated with. Needham Brothers. All the Needham's are descended from Henry and Ann Needham and when it ceased trading all the Needham's were direct descendants of Edwin who co-founded the business

Thus, it is clear that the two biggest cutlery companies owned by Needham's viz Needham Brothers and Needham Veall & Tyzack were set up by sons of Henry and Ann Needham and run by their descendants - see   Rotherham 9 tree .

It is worth completing the story of Needham Brothers. The National Archives record BT 31/31478/50526, states the company was dissolved between 1933 & 1948. Additionally, the London Gazette has a record in which Francis Joseph Needham the MD of Needham Brothers calls a meeting of creditors on the 21 March 1933 under section 233 of the Companies Act. This I believe is the start of the process that leads to liquidation of a company. Thus, it's likely that Needham Brothers stopped Trading shortly afterwards  

 

 

Fig The London Gazette 14 March 1933

 

 

 

 

 

 

If anyone can help please get in touch with the administrator

Details of the families can be found in the Rotherham Family trees can be viewed separately . If you help with the ancestry of these Needham's please contact the administrator.

Web update 05 Nov 2019

 

 

 

 

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