Needham Family

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Origins

Needham Population Statistics England & Wales

Several factors control the growth of a surname, besides random events & chance. The main issues could be genetic and genetics might be expected to control male/female ratio & death. So let's look at the statistics that are available to see if any trends can be found

 

Male/Female Ratio

Data is available for England & Wales from 1841 to 2011, (1-3) and this has been compared to the equivalent for Needham's firstly for 1841 to 43, 1980 to 82, 1890 to 92, 1900 to02, 1910 to 12 and 1980 to 82 together with earlier data (1600/1630) from parish records. The data is summarised below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It is very noticeable that the Needham's have a far higher ratio of males to females up to the end of the 19th century but the reverse occurs in the 20th century. This needs further work over a wider time span on the Needham's

 

Life Expectancy

Similar data is available for life expectancy (1,4&5). Firstly, recent age profile at death is compared to data from 1882 comparing the age profile at death for males and females (total) and just males. There is little difference in profile for both dates except in 2013 where there is a much larger proportion of deaths in the eldest two categories reflecting the fact that women live longer than males.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Secondly a comparison has been made of national statistics for 2013, 1882 and 1850. There are a number of significant differences

  •   By 2013 it is clear that women achieve a higher age at death as the total number of people in the highest two age categories is significantly higher for the total than for males
  • Comparing 1850 and 1882 profiles, they are very similar across the whole age range and the male profile is reflected in the total profile ie males and females have a similar age profile at death
  •   The 19th century age profile shows a high proportion of deaths for children with 25% of babies dying before their first birthday and 50% of deaths occurring before people reached the age of 20
  •   This is in marked contrast to the 2013 profile where early death is markedly down and the average age at death being around 80 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Again, the National data has been compared with Needham data from Derbyshire parish registers in the time period 1600 1890. The results are shown below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Again, there are significant differences. It is widely known that infant mortality was high in the 19th century. In 1850 52% of the deaths were of people under 20 and over 25% of all deaths were children under one; for the Needham data for Derbyshire the equivalent data was 36% and 17%. This must be significant when considering surname continuity.

Finally Needham parish register data has been compared for Derbyshire and Sheffield over similar time periods:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Again there are significant differences. In Sheffield there is higher infant mortality

 

Infant mortality. Deaths % total

Age

Derbyshire

Sheffield

Age 0 to 4

25.8

37.6

Age 0 to 19

36.4

44.9

 

 

From this data it would appear that infant and young person mortality is higher in industrial cities than in rural farming communities and that in rural areas people live longer

Surname Continuity

Three factors appear to have been identified helping the Needham surname to survive

  • They appear to produce more males than the national average up to the end of the 19th century
  • More Needham's reach the age of 20 than the national average
  • Needham's living in rural areas are more likely to reach the age of 20 than in industrial cities and they live longer

More work is needed

References

  1.   Office National Statistics
  2.   https://knoema.com/atlas/United-Kingdom/topics/Demographics/Population/Male-to-female-ratio
  3.   HISTORICAL TRENDS IN THE SEX RATIO AT BIRTH, Anouch Chahnazarian, Department of Population Dynamics,The Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21205
  4.   Annual Report of the Registrar-General for Births, Deaths & Marriages 1854
  5.   Annual Report of the Registrar-General for Births, Deaths & Marriages 1884

 

 

 

 

 

 

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