Needham's of Nottinghamshire
To date two places in Nottinghamshire have been examined ie Nottingham, the county town - or correctly city - and Worksop, a market town in the north of the county. The Needham's have very different outcomes in these two places, one grows from small beginnings, the other is in the top five of places with Needham's at the beginning of the 17th century. Read about the origins of Worksop and Nottingham and find out which is which.
The earliest record of a Needham in Nottinghamshire is the baptism of Elizabeth Needham daughter of Ralph Needham in Arnold in 1562. In 1574 a Henry Needham is mentioned as living in Kirklington (more about this later). Thirteen years after Elizabeths' baptism in Arnold , we find in 1575 the Needham's have moved into a third parish when Margaret Needham was baptised in West Bridgeford. Both Arnold and West Bridgeford are now district of Nottingham, with Arnold in the north of the city and West Bridgeford south of the river Trent. In 1606 Elizabeth Needham was baptised in the north of the county in Worksop and one year later George Needham was born in Mansfield. By 1650 the Needhams are found in 11 Nottinghamshire parishes, principally in the southern half of the county. This expanded to 25 parishes by 1700, 40 parishes by 1750 and to 60 by 1800. How this occurred can be seen by mapping the places/registration districts the Needhams' have been found with when they were first found there. The places where Needham's are known to have lived are detailed with the date of first occurrence; they are shown in a series of maps.The main source of data is parish records. But a word of warning; you need to recognise that these records don't start until 1537 - where they exist . Earlier data comes from records in National or County Archives. So all the data is pedigreed . Unless you know otherwise and can show I've made an error!
The first map shows the registration districts where Needham's are known to have lived in Nottinghamshire . Each district is colour coded displaying the earliest known occurrence. The darker the colour the earlier the date. Arnold is in the district of Basford and Kirklington is in Southwell district
The second map shows the places where Needhams are known to have lived in the county. Again each place is colour coded in the same way as map one. The darker the colour the earlier the date. The darkest places are Basford and Kirklington
So how does Nottinghamshire fit in with the wider picture?
This can be seen in the third and fourth maps. The third map shows all the registration districts that Needhams' are currently known to have lived, together with the earliest date they lived there; the darker the colour the earlier the date. This map must be seen as work in progress that will be updated as more information is analysed. What is clear is that this map will change as more records are unearthed. From 1155 the Needhams lived in NW Derbyshire at High Needham. By 1345 two Needham's had married and so inherited Thornsett and Cranage. In 1438 Shavington in Salop was first rented before being purchased. These moves are clearly shown on the map. Gradually the Needham's progressed east in he 16th and 17th centuries, Pool Park was brought into the family through marriage in 1601; this is in Denbighshire - due west of High Needham.
Finally, in the 18th & 19th centuries the Needhams' moved into the expanding industrial conurbations centred on and around Sheffield and Manchester. What isn't shown are the Needhams' moving to North America, Australia/ New Zealand or the West Indies
So where do the Nottinghamshire Needhams' fit. With current information you can see that the Needham's arrived in Nottinghamshire at the end of the 16th/beginning of the 17th century as they spread east through Nottinghamshire into Lincolnshire and finally stopping at the east coast - no lemmings here.
The final map shows the places, hamlets, villages, towns and cities they are known to have lived in. As before the places are colour coded based on the earliest date a Needham is known to have lived there; the darker the colour the earlier the date
So the obvious question to ask is can we link any of the Nottinghamshire Needhams to any others, particularly those descending from High Needham. Well we can.
Henry Needham was the son of Otwell Needham and Elizabeth (ne Cadman) of Cowley. He and his brother Richard of Snitherton, Derbyshire are mentioned in Burkes Family Records as being overseers of their brother in law, John Dakeyne's, will. Henry is described as Henry Needham of Kirklington. Otwell is the 11th great grandson of William de Nedham who through marriage bought High Needham into the family. And there's more. Henry died in1576 and in his will he refers to Edward Needham, gentleman, of Worksop; Edward is thought to be Henry's son. So we can link two of the first four registration districts, Southwell and Worksop, where Needham's are found in Nottinghamshire with the Needham's from High Needham.