Needham Family

subglobal1 link | subglobal1 link | subglobal1 link | subglobal1 link | subglobal1 link | subglobal1 link | subglobal1 link
subglobal2 link | subglobal2 link | subglobal2 link | subglobal2 link | subglobal2 link | subglobal2 link | subglobal2 link
subglobal3 link | subglobal3 link | subglobal3 link | subglobal3 link | subglobal3 link | subglobal3 link | subglobal3 link
subglobal4 link | subglobal4 link | subglobal4 link | subglobal4 link | subglobal4 link | subglobal4 link | subglobal4 link
subglobal5 link | subglobal5 link | subglobal5 link | subglobal5 link | subglobal5 link | subglobal5 link | subglobal5 link
subglobal6 link | subglobal6 link | subglobal6 link | subglobal6 link | subglobal6 link | subglobal6 link | subglobal6 link
subglobal7 link | subglobal7 link | subglobal7 link | subglobal7 link | subglobal7 link | subglobal7 link | subglobal7 link
subglobal8 link | subglobal8 link | subglobal8 link | subglobal8 link | subglobal8 link | subglobal8 link | subglobal8 link

Origins

Needham's of Hertfordshire

I'd always thought the Hertfordshire Needham's started in the late 15th century but it doesn't. It starts two century's earlier:

The beginning - Adam de Nedham

Until recently I believed that James Nedham born in 1489 and Henry VIII's surveyor general was the first Needham in Hertfordshire .But I was wrong. In the Hundred Rolls of 1275 there five / six Needham ' s one of which is Adam de Nedh ' m of Hertfordshire who appears in Volume 1.

Table Medieval Records of Nedham's in Hertfordshire

Who
Abode
County
Issue Date Year Relatives Reference
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Grant for life, at the instance of Master Adam de Belsted, king's clerk, to Adam de Nedham, merchant of St. Albans, that he shall be quit of tallages, prises, prests and all other customs, which could be exacted from him by reason of his merchandise ; sav 10 July 1268 Woodstock 1268 Patent Rolls
Adam de Nedh'm Villata de Sc'o Albano, Hertfordshire Hertfordshire It is said that Symon Starlyng bailiff of the Hundred of Doncaster<?>  took from Adam of N 40 denarii while he was under interrogation. Edw 1 1275 Rotuli Hundredorum vol 2
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire William de Brok acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedham of St.Albans 81. 12s. Ad. ; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in cos. Middlesex and Northampton. 20 Oct 1288 Westminster 1288 Calender of Close Calls Edward I 1279 to 1288
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Robert Swift of Newmarket (de Novo Mercato) acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedham of St. Albans 161. 8s. 4d. ; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in cos. Cambridge and Norfolk. 20 Oct 1288 1288 Calender of Close Calls Edward I 1279 to 1288
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Laurence de Brok acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedeham of St. Albans 5 marks ; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Buckingham. Cancelled on payment. 20 Oct 1288 1288 Calender of Close Calls Edward I 1279 to 1288
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Thomas de Stodeham, knight, acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedeham of St. Albans 81. ; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Hertford. Cancelled on payment. 20 Oct 1288 1288 Calender of Close Calls Edward I 1279 to 1288
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Walter de Mulcastre acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedeham 6 marks ; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Cumberland. 8 April westminster 1288 Calender of Close Calls Edward I 1279 to 1288
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Walter De Mulcastre acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedeham 6marks ;to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in CO. Cumberland 1288 1288 Calender of Close Rolls Edward I 1279 to 1288
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Robert Swift of Newmarket (de Novo Mercato) acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedham of St. Albans 161. 8s. 4d. ; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in cos. Cambridge and Norfolk. 20 Oct 1288 1288 Calender of Close Rolls Edward I 1279 to 1288
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Laurence de Brok acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedeham of St. Albans 5 marks ; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Buckingham. Cancelled on payment. 20 Oct 1288 1288 Calender of Close Rolls Edward I 1279 to 1288
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Thomas de Stodeham, knight, acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedeham of St. Albans 81. ; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Hertford. Cancelled on payment. 20 Oct 1288 1288 Calender of Close Rolls Edward I 1279 to 1288
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Hugh de Coleworth acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedham of St. Albans 68s. 8d. ; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Essex 28 April 1289 Westminster 1289 Calender of Close Calls Edward I 1288 to 1296
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Hugh Dauudely acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedeham of St. Albans 161. ; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Northampton. 5 May 1289Westminstr 1289 Calender of Close Calls Edward I 1288 to 1296
Adam de Needham St Albans Hertfordshire Debtor: John de Swhatching' of the vill of Cranworth, of [Midford Hundred] of Norfolk, and of Somerset. Creditor: Adam de Needham, of St Albans [Herts, deceased] Amount: 16m. Before whom: Sir John le Breton, Warden of London; John de Bakewell, Clerk. When taken: 04/02/1290 First term: 21/05/1290 Last term: 17/06/1290 Writ to: Sheriff of Norfolk and Somerset Sent by: John de Wengrave, Mayor of London; William de Hethersett. Endorsement: Norff' coram Rege.

Note: Luke de Needham and John de Needham are Adam's sons and executors.
01/01/1290 1290 Luke & John sons of Adam Chancery: Certificates of Statute Merchant and Statute Staple. C 241/82/214
Adam de Needham St Albans Hertfordshire Debtor: Richard de Winchester, knight, the son of Sir Simon de Winchester, Lord of Soberton [Meonstoke Hundred, Hants]. Creditor: Adam de Needham, of St Albans [Herts] Amount: 16m. Before whom: Ralph de Sandwich, Warden of London; John de Bakewell, Clerk. First term: 02/04/1290 Last term: 24/06/1290 Writ to: Sheriff of Hants Sent by: Ralph de Sandwich, Warden of London; John de Bakewell, Clerk. 01/01/1290 1290 Chancery: Certificates of Statute Merchant and Statute Staple. C 241/11/8
Adam de Needham St Albans Hertfordshire Debtor: Edmund Burgilloun, citizen, of London, and of Cambs. Creditor: Adam de Needham, of St Albans [Herts., deceased] Amount: 34m. 7s. Before whom: Sir John le Breton, Warden of London; John de Bakewell, Clerk. When taken: 19/03/1291 First term: 01/04/1291 Last term: 29/09/1291 Writ to: Sheriff of Cambs Sent by: John de Wengrave, Mayor of London; William de Hethersett. Endorsement: Cantebr' coram Rege.

Note: Luke de Needham and John de Needham are Adam's sons and executors.
01/01/1291 1291 Chancery: Certificates of Statute Merchant and Statute Staple. C 241/82/213
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Robert de Barton acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedeham of St Albans 20s; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Westmoreland 18 Jan 1292 Westminster 1292 Calender of Close Rolls Edward I 1288 to 1296
Adam Nedham and wife Emma St Albans Hertfordshire. Plea of covenant: William Inge, querent, by Adam Steynwy, put in his place, and Adam de Nedham and Emma, his wife , deforciants. 1 messuage, 1 carucate of land, 80 acres of wood and 40 shillings of rent in Whathamstede. Adam and Emma have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of William, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Adam to him and his heirs for ever. William has given them 1 sore sparrowhawk.William Inge, querent, by Adam Steynwy, put in his place, and Adam de Nedham and Emma, his wife, deforciants. 1 messuage, 1 carucate of land, 80 acres of wood and 40 shillings of rent in Whathamstede. Adam and Emma have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of William, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Adam to him and his heirs for ever. William has given them 1 sore sparrowhawk. 4 May 1292; Westminster. One month from Easter, 20 Edward I [4 May 1292] 1292 Emma wife of Adam Feet of Fines
Adam de Needham St Albans Hertfordshire Debtor: Hugh Fitz-Henry, knight, Lord of Ravensworth [Gilling Wapentake, N.R.Yorks.], and Lord of half of the town of Hinton in Cambs. Creditor: Adam Needham, of St Albans [Herts] Amount: &#163;21. Before whom: Thomas Sely and William de Rainham, citizens of London; John de Bakewell, Clerk; at Boston Fair. First term: 11/11/1292 Last term: 11/11/1292 Writ to: Sheriff of Yorks. and Cambs Sent by: Thomas Sely and William de Rainham, citizens of London; John de Bakewell, Clerk; at Boston Fair. 01/01/1292 1292 Chancery: Certificates of Statute Merchant and Statute Staple. C 241/24/54
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Robert Peche acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedeham of St Albans 10l 10s 0d; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Essex & Suffolk 29 Oct 1293 Westminster 1293 Calender of Close Rolls Edward I 1288 to 1296
Adam de Needham St Albans Hertfordshire Debtor: Roger de Beltoft, knight, of Lincs. Creditor: Adam de Needham , of St Albans [Herts] Amount: 24m. Before whom: Thomas Sely and William de Rainham, citizens of London; John de Bakewell, Clerk; at Boston Fair. First term: 27/11/1293 Last term: 27/11/1293 Writ to: Sheriff of Lincs Sent by: Thomas Sely and William de Rainham, citizens of London; John de Bakewell, Clerk; at Boston Fair. Endorsement: Retornabile in banco in quindena sancti ...... | 27 Nov 1293 1293 Chancery: Certificates of Statute Merchant and Statute Staple. C 241/24/68
Adam de Needham St Albans Hertfordshire Debtor: Hugh Fitz-Henry, knight, Lord of Ravensworth in Yorks., and lord of half the town of Hinton in Cambs. Creditor: Adam de Needham, of St Albans [Herts] Amount: &#163;20. Before whom: Thomas Sely and William de Rainham, citizens of London: John de Bakewell, Clerk; at Boston Fair. First term: 02/05/1294 Last term: 02/05/1294 Writ to: Sheriff of Yorks. and Cambs Sent by: Thomas Sely and William de Rainham, citizens of London; John de Bakewell, Clerk; at Boston Fair.

Note: Inquisition and return: Sicut alias.
01/01/1294 1294 Chancery: Certificates of Statute Merchant and Statute Staple. C 241/25/228
Adam de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire William Gerberd acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedeham of St Albans 18 marks; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Norfolk 8 Dec 1295 Westminster 1295 Calender of Close Rolls Edward I 1288 to 1296
Adam de Nedham & Luke de Nedham St Albans Hertfordshire Henry son of William de Dunelm[ia] acknowledges that he owes to Adam de Nedham and Luke , his son, 591. ; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in cos. Hertford and London. 26 Jul 1302 Westminster 1302 Luke son of Adam Calender of Close Calls Edward I 1296 to 1302
John de Nedham & Luke de Nedham St. Frideswyde's (Freseteyde) Ox­ford Oxfordshire John de Nedham , who served the king and his father and who is now infirm, is sent to the prior and convent of St. Frideswyde's (Freseteyde) Ox­ford, to receive the allowance that John de Taklay, deceased, had in the same. By K. on the information of broth 1 Oct 1316 1316 Calender of Close Calls Edward I 1313 to 1318
Adam de needham S Albans Hertfordshire. Plea of covenant: Walter Thurston of Flamstede, querent, and Adam de Nedham , clerk, deforciant. 1 messuage and 1 shop in the vill of Sc'o Albano. Adam has acknowledged the tenements to be the right of Walter, as those which Walter has of his gift. Walter Two weeks from St Michael, 12 Edward II [13 October 1318]. 1318 Feet of Fines

So the next issue is are there any other references to these people in the Archives ? The answer is a partial yes . In the Hundred Rolls reference is made to Adam de Nedham of St Albans , when a bailiff took money from him during interrogation. One wonders why and for what reason was he being interrogated (5). It also raises the question of where Adam came from and asks what roll he has and what happens to his family line ? 

Well we have some answers . In 1259 an Adam de Nedham is appointed a burger of St Albans (6). Further in the Calendar of Close Calls between 1288 and 1302 an Adam de Needham from St Albans is acknowledged to be owed considerable monies from a range to people from knights to land owners whose lands stretched from Westmoreland to Northampton , Essex and Suffolk / Norfolk . So it would appear he was a money lender / banker . The 1302 entry includes his son Luke . While in 1318 a John de Needham brother of Luke is mentioned . Additionally , it would appear that Adam dies around 1302 and has at least one son , Luke , and possibly two or even three . In 1316 and 18 there are two entries in the Calendar of Close Calls to a John de Nedham who has a brother , Luke . A request is made for support from the state to help the infirm John after serving for King and country . This was clearly given and the last reference has John in a monastery near York  

An Adam de Nedham is also mentioned in Feet of Fines . In 1292 Adam de Nedham has a wife Emma mentioned in a Plea of Covenant  

However , there are three further entries in the Feet of Fines records for Adam de Nedham dated 1311, 1318 & 1333. in the two earlier records Adam is described as a clerk ; and in 1333 he has a wife , Christian . Because of this and the dates I believe this is a second Adam probably the son of the first Adam de Needham . Time will tell.

Table Adam de Nedham Records

Year

who

abode

County

When

What

source

comment 1

1318

Adam de Needham

St Albans

Hertfordshire.

Two weeks from St Michael, 12 Edward II [13 October 1318].

Plea of covenant: Walter Thurston of Flamstede, querent, and Adam de Nedham , clerk, deforciant. 1 messuage and 1 shop in the vill of Sc'o Albano. Adam has acknowledged the tenements to be the right of Walter, as those which Walter has of his gift. Walter has granted to Adam the tenements and has rendered them to him in the court, to hold to Adam, of Walter and his heirs for the life of Adam, rendering yearly 1 rose at the feast of the Nativity of St John the Baptist, and doing to the chief lords all other services. And after the decease of Adam the tenements shall revert to Walter and his heirs, quit of the heirs of Adam, to hold of the chief lords for ever.

Feet of Fines

CP 25/1/88/63, number 301.

1333

Adam de Nedham and Christian, his wife, deforciants.

St Albans

Hertfordshire

20 jan 1333. One week from St Michael, 6 Edward III [6 October 1332]. And afterwards one week from St Hilary in the same year [20 January 1333].

Plea of covenant. 8 acres of land in the vill of Sc'o Albano and Childwiksay. Adam and Christian have acknowledged the land to be the right of Robert, and have remised and quitclaimed it from themselves and the heirs of Christian to him and his heirs for ever. Warranty. Robert has given them 10 marks of silver.

Feet of Fines

CP 25/1/88/74, number 128.

1311

Adam de Needham

St Albans

Hertfordshire.

Two weeks from St Michael, 5 Edward II [13 October 1311]. Westminster

Adam de Nedham , clerk, querent, and Margaret, who was the wife of William Bolum of Sc'o Albano, impedient.2 messuages and a moiety of 1 acre of land in the vill of Sc'o Albano. Plea of warranty of charter. Margaret has acknowledged the tenements to be the right of Adam, as those which he has of her gift, to hold to Adam and his heirs, of the chief lords for ever. Warranty by Margaret for herself and her heirs. Adam has given her 20 pounds sterling.

Feet of Fines

CP 25/1/87/55, number 104.

That is the last reference I've found to date until James de Nedham takes over the Priory of Wymondley in 1536. That's not to say that the line dies out or moves away all you can say is of the records I've examined to date is that the Nedham's in Hertfordshire don't appear in records after 1333.

James Nedham

The second part of the story of the Needham's of Hertfordshire starts in Derbyshire with ‘Black' John Nedham the 9th great grandson of Old Father Nedeham (see Needham Base Family Tree) who lived at Needham Grange. John had two sons Otwell and Christopher (1). It is clear that Christopher moved from Derbyshire to Chislest Kent but the reason is unsubstantiated. There is some indication that he ‘slew a servant' of his father and consequently fled the family home (2). The descendents of Christopher are summarised in the Visitation of Hertfordshire 1634 - see diagram

Christopher married and had at least one child, James. The Visitations of Hertfordshire, 1572 and 1634 page 77James Nedham was born in 1489 and for the first part of his life he lived in Chesilhurst in Kent; for more detail go to James Needham in the Famous section . He became an architect and master-carpenter and around 1521 married Alice Goodere. Their first son John was born in 1525 and they subsequently had four other sons Andrew, Edmund, Henry and William and two daughters. James was good at his job and in 1530 was appointed clerk of the king's works on 30 April 1530.In April 1533 he was appointed by grant clerk and overseer of the king's work in England and was Master of the Carpenters Company in 1536.

 

James settled in Hertfordshire in 1536. On the dissolution of the monasteries the Priory of Wymondley in Hertfordshire was granted to James in 1537 on a 20 years lease. James died at the Siege of Boulogne in 1544 and subsequently John, his eldest son, inherited the Priory. John Nedham, Esq. son and heir of James, "obtained a patent of this Manor and Rectory from King Henry, to the use of himself and his heirs," as quoted by Clutterbuck (4). John made a settlement on himself for life, remainder to his son George and his heirs and gained an absolute grant of the property. It remained in the family until 1731.

 

John was married twice, first to Ann Coppin with whom he had five children including George his heir. After Ann died he married Jane Weldish and had a further nine children. He disliked the arms entered to him in the Visitation of Hertfordshire and obtained a new grant of arms and crest in 1586 – see the arms page. Of John's children the most noteworthy was Sir John Nedham of Litchborough, Northampton – see the Needham's of Northampton.

 

John died in 1591 at Wymondley and his estate descended to his son George. George lived all his life at Wymondley. He married Margaret Stile and had four sons of whom the eldest was Eustace (1594-1658). Wymondley continued to descend through the eldest son viz George (1643-1692) and George (1672-1726). George b 1672, died leaving only daughters, as his eldest son Eustace died in 1703 and his second son Bank in 1703. The heirs of George sold the Priory with its demesnes to Samuel Vanderplank about 1731. Thus ended the senior Needham line in Hertfordshire.

 

The Needham's thus left Wymondley, but the story of Needham's in Hertfordshire needs further work. If anyone would like to attempt to expand this family line please contact the administrator

 

 

 

References

  1. John Guillim et al ‘Display of Heraldry ‘
  2. Thomas Ashby Needham Collection; John Ryland Library Manchester
  3. Dictionary of National Biography, Volumes 14
  4. R. Clutterbuck ‘The History & Antiquities of the County of Hertford Vol 2'
  5. Rotuli Hundredorum vol 2 p192
  6. Monachi Sancci Albani, Chronica Majora, Matthew Paris, Ed H R Luard Vol 6, p 422 & 432
web 2 Jan 2018

 

 

 

 

 

|Trees | News | Records | Origins | Distribution | Famous | Residence | Archives | Privacy| Contact | ©2018 Nigel Needham