Needham Family

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Origins

Needham's of Bonsall

The story of the Needham's in Bonsall starts with Christopher Needham of Thornsett the 10th great grandson of William; for Christopher's ancestral line go to the origins page. Christopher was born in 1460 (Visitation 1569/1611) and married Elizabeth Shalcross in 1483.They had 7 children of whom one was Edward. Of Edwards brothers the oldest was Otwell who inherited Thornsett when his father Christopher died. The visitation says Edward died without issue but others believe this is a mistake and that Edward (who was born bef 1497) married Elizabeth Allertree and had four children. I've started with this premise although it does need to be proven beyond doubt. Most of the information on the Needham families in Bonsall comes from wills and parish records; the first baptism being in 1651

Edward appeared in the Star Chamber in 1518 and in 1547 was a tenant in Castleton. These Needham's spread themselves about. The eldest of Edward's sons and his heir was Henry. In 1530 he settled in Bonsall in a house and on land purchased for him by his Uncle Otwell. Bonsall is adjacent to Matlock and quite close to Cowley where Otwell lived, so it's not surpising that the younger Needham's should move away from the family homeHe died in 1542 and his will shows he died in Bonsall, married to Agnes and had two living sons of whom John was the eldest. Henry died 2 years after his mother Elizabeth but before his father who died 19years later in 1562 and was buried in Darley.

 

John was born in 1531 and on his death in 1596 was living at the Cross Nether Bonsall. He married Margaret Knightly and they had three sons and a daughter. John was a juror and took the Frank Pledge with others in 1558. He outlived his wife Margaret by three years. One of John's sons James volunteered for the Spanish invasion in 1587. He returned from this escapade and held estate in Bonsall . John and Margaret's eldest son and John's heir was Henry who was born in 1553. He was a yeoman, lead mine owner and co-Lord of the Manor of Bonsall. He married Margaret Shawe and they had at least 7 children. When he died in 1614 he left an estate with oxgang of land. His son and heir was Thomas who besides being a yeoman, in 1620 was a copyholder and by 1633 was a freeholder and co-Lordd of the manor of Bonsall. He married Mary and they had four boys. The youngest to these was James who was born in bef 1635 and moved from the Cross Bonsall to Duffield in 1650 to join his brother John. Although John returned to Bonsall in 1664 after his mother's death and died there James settled in Duffield; thus another Needham dynasty started; see Needham's of Duffield.

The Needham's were a major force in Bonsall although you will not see much evidence of it today as there are no lasting monuments or gravestones. A summary of the Parish records shows that from the end of the 17th century the numbers of baptism's of Needham's fell and by the 19 th century they were almost non-existent

Baptism

Deaths

marriage

1650/1699

24

41

6

1700/1749

12

9

7

1750/1799

15

11

4

 

Thomas's wife Mary paid Hearth Tax in 1662 and two of her sons, John and Edward paid the tax in 1670 along with 75 other heads of households. Mary died in 1664. Edward by 1638 was ‘yeoman of the bodied man' and in 1666 and 1672 John was recorded as a juror of Bonsall Grand Court. On his death John left charity for bread to be distributed on St Thomas Day – remember his father was Thomas. The fourth son William was a lead mine owner. However, by the 19 th century and the census returns there were no Needham's recorded as living in Bonsall. All good things come to an end. So what happened to them? Well some moved away and some ancestral lines died away through early deaths or lack of sons

A majority of the Needham's of Bonsall can be traced back to the base Needham ancestral line. The exceptions are the following heads of family:

Who
Date
William Needham d 1541
John Needham bef 1630
John Needhma bef 1641
Ralph Needham bef 1717
Elias Neeedham bef 1741
William Needham bef 1804

D=death bef=age of eldest child -21 to give an estimate of the persons birth date.

Details of the families can be found on the Bonsall family page. The Bonsall Family tree can be viewed separately but it has also been included in the Needham Derbyshire Base tree. If you help with the ancestry of these Needham's please contact the administrator.

 

 

 

 

 

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