Needham Timeline - Derbyshire
The places where Needham's are known to have lived are detailed with the date of first occurrence; they are shown in a series of maps.The main source of data is parish records. But a word of warning as you must recognise that these records don't start until 1537 - where they exist . Earlier data comes from records in National or County Archives. So all the data should be pedigreed , unless you know otherwise
Map1 Registration Districts of Needham residences
The first map shows the registration districts where Needham's are known to have lived in Derbyshire . Each district is colour coded displaying the earliest known occurrence. The darker the colour the earlier the date. The Needham's are known to have lived in High Needham from1155; High Needham is in the NW corner of the Ashbourne District (Ash)
Map 2 Places in Derbyshire where Needhams' lived
The second map shows the places where they lived. Again each place is colour coded in the same way as map one. The darker the colour the earlier the date. The darkest place is High Needham
High Needham, where the Needham's originated, is situated in the top NW corner of the Ashbourne (ASHB) district - you'll note I don't know how to overlay a text box. The Needham's lived in small holdings/hamlets clustered between High Needham and Buxton. As you would expect over time they spread out into other parts of the county and as we shall see into other counties.The maps plot where and when the Needham's lived.
A list of places where the Needham's are known to have lived is detailed in the table below
|Chapel en le Frith||1790|
|Ashford on Water||1792|
Both maps show, gradually, over time the Needham's left their enclave of the higher ground in north west Derbyshire and moved south and east and as we shall see into adjacent counties through marriage and work. Later they moved to the rapidly expanding industrial cities of Lancashire and Yorkshire as the industrial revolution gathered momentum.
Map 3 Registration District and the earliest time a Needham lived there
This shows the registration district where Needhams' are currently known to have lived together with the earliest date they lived there;remember the darker the colour the earlier the date. This map must be seen as work in progress and as data becomes available it will be updated. The current data is based on those counties where a Needham is born between 1600 and 1630. What is clear, this map will change as more records are unearthed. From 1155 the Needhams lived in NW Derbyshire at High Needham. By 1345 members of the Needham family married and so inherited Thomas inherited Thornsett and WIlliam Cranage. In 1438 Shavingtoni in Salop was first rented before being purchased. These moves are clearly shown on the map. Gradually the Needham's progressed east in the 16th and 17th centuries, Pool Park was brought into the family through marriage in 1601; this is in Denbighshire - due west of High Needham.
Finally, in the 18th & 19th centuries a number of Needhams' moved into the expanding industrial conurbations centred on and around Sheffield and Manchester. What isn't shown are the Needhams' moving to North America, Australia/ New Zealand or the West Indies. Perhaps someone can help with the first two moves
Map 4 expanded view of London area
Map5 Places Needhams' lived
The final map shows the places, hamlets, villages, towns and cities Needhams are known to have lived in. As before the places are colour coded based on the earliest date a Needham is known to have lived there. Outside Derbyshire/Nottinghamshire and their adjacent counties, Needham's only appear to be in Suffolk, Hertfordshire, Kent and the London area. London appears to be a special case and needs investigating further but the presence of Needham's in East Anglia appears to be in the region surrounding Barking where Sir Francis Nedham bought the Hall in 1611, in Hertfordshire after James Needham was given Wymondley Abbey by Henry VIII in 1536 and in Kent after Christopher Needham moved there about 1489