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Needham Family

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Archives - Early Needham's

Medieval Needham's

 

Introduction

This page looks at medieval records and tries to piece together how the Needham's moved from their place of origin. Currently I've assumed that the family originate from Derbyshire - refer to Origins Page. This page reviews records up to the end of the 15th century and is principally concerned where branches of Needham's were centred

The first documented evidence of early Needham's comes from Burke;the first date being 1155 (1). The only problem is that I've not come across any documents to back up any of the family tree before the 13th century.

The Beginnings

Needham Grange is thought to be the place from which the Needham name originated and is currently in the hamlet of High Needham. High Needham is 8 miles from Buxton and 12 miles from Tideswell. Because one branch of the Needham's became the Earl of Kilmorey, the Needham ancestral line is well documented (3,4) back to the 12th century. Rodger Fitzwilliam de Stanton, a descendant of William de Stanton, Lord of Stanton in Cheshire married the heiress of the Manor of High Needham early in the 12th century (2). Burke gives the first date of Needham's of Needham as 1 Henry II, i.e. 1155 (1) 

As was quite common at the time Rodger took (ie changed his name), what we would call, the surname of the heiress i.e. de Nedeham (of Nedeham). It must be remembered that few people had surnames at this time and that the official court language was French, following King Harold's defeat by William the Conquer

Roger de Nedeham had at least two sons, William and Henry, although Burke only has Henry (1). The family appears in the Hundred Rolls of 1274/5 – see later. All this comes from Burke and Lack (3)but there are other early records with Needham's as we shall see.

The eldest son, William, had a son John who was his heir. John's heir was Thomas and from Thomas the Needham line splits. Thomas had two sons, Thomas and William, who both married well. Thomas was the eldest brother and he stayed in Derbyshire while William moved to Cheshire

Medieval Documents

There are quite a few documents from the 13th and 14th centuries involving Needham's. In this period there were a number of ‘census' undertaken and some of these records are still available. These include:

  • The Hundred Rolls
  • Lay Subsidy of 1327
  • Poll Tax of 1375

The first documented evidence I've found comes from the Hundred Rolls of circa 1275 where we find five Needham's in three counties spread widely across England:

  • Derbyshire – Johes de Nedham
  • Hertfordshire (St Albans) – Adam de Nedham
  • Kent (Canterbury) – Eustace, Albrico & Hugh de Nedham

Now Johes (John) is in the base family tree generated by Burke being the third generation from Roger de Nedeham – the first in the Needham line.

Table Needham's in the Hundred Rolls

 

Person Abode County Detail
Date
Year Source

Joh'es de Nedh'm

Derbyshire

Derbyshire

It is said that J de N, an associate of a certain Hubert, thief, later hanged at the castle, pledged/paid a fine of 5 marks to Thomas Folejambe, on behalf of his lord R<obert> Extraneus, in order to remain in his home town <i.e. not be exiled?> ..........

Edw 1

1275

Rotuli Hundredorum vol 1

Adam de Nedh'm

Villata de Sc'o Albano

Hertfordshire

It is said that Symon Starlyng bailiff of the hundred of Doncaster<?>  took from Adam of N 40 denarii while he was under interrogation.

Edw 1

1275

Rotuli Hundredorum vol 1

Albrico de Nedham

Canterbury

Kent

Andrew Fitz Roger holding of the said vassal 2 acres of land paid annually to Albrico de Nedham 2 denarii.Roger Bercar  holding  1 acre of land of the same vassal  paid annually to Albrico de Nedham 1 denarius. Alan Alward  holding  1 acre of land of the

Edw 1

1275

Rotuli Hundredorum vol 2

Eustac de Nedh'm

Canterbury

Kent

Likewise they <the Canonici> have <...> an acre of land in perpetuity as a gift <bequest?> from Eustace de N

Edw 1

1275

Rotuli Hundredorum vol 2

Hug de Ned'm

Canterbury

Kent

Hugh de N owns a messuage in Bernewell which he bought from Galfrus Carvar. GC bought it from Rado of Theviham<?>. R of Th bought it from Matilda, daughter of Peter Stote, who had inherited it from Peter Stote her father. Peter bought it from William C<o>

Edw 1

1275

Rotuli Hundredorum vol 2

Joh'es de Nedh'm

Canterbury

Kent

<Earlier part of records describes a break-in/robbery at Bauquelle, presumably Bakewell>.  Henry C<o>licus<?>  took from the said J de N while he was imprisoned one acre of meadow valued at 40 solidi, so that he would help him in his deliberation <court d

Edw 1

1275

Rotuli Hundredorum vol 2

 

 

 

Shortly after the Hundred Rolls were completed we find an Elias de Nedham in the Derbyshire Charters. He is a witness on a land transaction at Hurdlow and Earl Sterndale in the late 13th century, (both Hurdlow and Earl Sterndale are close to High Needham), and Henry de Nedham is a witness to a similar transaction in Flagge (similarly Flagge is close to High Needham) in 1284 (3). Go to 13th Century Archive

who
abode
County
What
When
Year
source
Hen. De Nedham
Flagge
Derbyshire
666. Grant from Ralph fil. Radulphi Coterel de Tadinton to William fil. Johannis de Cungisden of an acre of land in Flagge. Witn. Nich. de Cungisden, Hen. de Nedham, John de Bulstones, etc. Dat. T. a. Palm Sunday [2 Apr.], 12 Edw. 1. [1284]. (Harl. 83 E. 17.)
2 Apr 1284
1284
Derbyshire Charters by I H Jeaye
Elias de Nedham
Hordlawe (Hurdlow?)
Derbyshire
1472. Grant from John de Byroun, mil. [ob. 1295] to Henry his brother, for his homage and service, of all his land of Hordlawe, with men, " nativi," liberties, etc. To hold to the said Henry " et heredibus suis de corpore suo in facie ecclesie legitime procreatis " by service to the chief lord of the eighth part of the service of one knight, and two capons " in Mayo apud Salveyam " [Sawley]. Witn. Henry de Irton, Ralph le Wyne, Geoffrey de Bracebrigge, Adam de Prestwike, Jordan de Crompton, John de Buckstanis, Elias de Nedham " sergand," etc. Late 13th cent. (Harl. in E. 17.)
1295
1295
Derbyshire Charters by I H Jeaye

 

So, it looks as if in the periods 1275-1300 we have a Johes, Elias & Henry de Nedham, living at or close to High Needham.  An Albrico, Henry & Hugh living in Kent, an Adam living in Hertfordshire and a Robert living in Hertfordshire or London. A far cry from my initial understanding. It raises a number of questions: 

  • Are Johes, Elias and Henry related?
  • Are Albrico, Henry & Hugh related, who are their parents and their ancestors? 
  • Who are Adam's parents, where does he come from and who are his ancestors? 
  • Is Robert related to Adam? If not who are his parents and who are his ancestors? 

One final observation. These records indicate there are more Needham's living outside Derbyshire than inside Derbyshire and to date I've found no early records of Needham's in Norfolk/Suffolk. Before we go on and look at the Needham's in Derbyshire it's worth looking at the records for Hertfordshire and Kent.

Hertfordshire First Record 1268

The first person we find outside Derbyshire is Adam de Nedham who is living in St Albans in1268. There are numerous references to him through to 1302 - refer to Needham' of Hertfordshire. He marries Emma and has children Luke and John. Luke is living in St Albans in 1313 and helps his brother John to get help after what I presume is an injury picked up fighting for the King. John is tended by monks in Oxford then in Newton Holdernesse in Yorkshire in 1318 – the first reference of a Needham in Broad Acres. A Robert de Nedham is found in St Albans in 1305 and an Adam de Nedham, who I presume is a related to the older Adam is in St Albans in 1318 and 1333. That is the last reference I've found to date until James de Nedham takes over the Priory of Wymondley in 1536. That's not to say that the line dies out or moves away all you can say is that it means that the Nedham's in Hertfordshire don't appear in the medieval records I've examined to date.

 

Kent First Record 1275

In the Hundred Rolls of 1275 six Nedham's are found. Three of them: Albrico de Nedham, Eustac de Nedh'm and Hug de Ned'm are registered in Canterbury. You would think this is the beginning of a dynasty but there are no other records until mid-way through the 15th century when we find Richard, his wife Alice and their son Alexander living in Greenwich. Richard is hung drawn and quartered for treason but in 1447 receives a pardon (bit too late for that me thinks). A second Richard de Nedeham is living in Greenwich in 1475

who abode County What Date year Relatives source comment 1
Richard de Nedeham Kent kent Robert Brandrede of Norbury and Henry Bynton of Riphill ' yoman,' both co. Kent, to John Gybbes. Recognisance for 100/., to be levied etc. in Kent. Condition, that the said Robert shall abide and perform the award of John Oxynden and Richard Nedeham chose 15 Feb 1446 1446 Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Henry VI, Vol. 4. 1441-1447
Alice Nedeham son Alexander Kyng H Richard Nedeham (dec) Grenewiche kent Grant to Richard Nedeham and Alice his wife of all the goods and debts late of the said Richard, which ought to come to the king's hands by reason of his high treason ; in lieu of a grant thereof to Alice and Alexander Kyng, her son, scholar of Eton colle 11 Oct 1447 1447 patent Rolls Henry 6 vol5 p113
Alice Nedeham son Alexander Kyng H Richard Nedeham (dec) kent Grant to Alice Nedeham and Alexander Kyng her son, scholar of Westminster. Eton college, of all goods, lands, rents, services and debts late of Richard Nedeham, convicted of high treason. By K. etc. 2 july1447 westminster 1447 patent Rolls henry 6 vol 5 p61
Richard Nedeham Grenewiche kent Pardon to Richard Nedeham, late of London, yoman,' alias late of Grenewiche, co. Kent, late servant of Humphrey, duke of Glou- cester, as above. [Cf. p. 74.] 11 Oct 1447 1447 patent Rolls Henry 6 vol5 p112
Richard Nedeham kent Pardon to Roger Chaumberleyn, knight, convicted of high treason, of all executions against him after his drawing and hanging and the spoiling of his body to the baring and the touching thereof with a knife, out of reverence for the passion of Christ and 14 july 1447 wetminster 1447 patent Rolls Henry 6 vol5 p68
John Nedham kent Pardon to John, archbishop of Canterbury, Ralph Eggerton, John Nedham and Philip More, parson of the church of Makm orth, of all purchases and alienations by them of the castle and lordship of Heley and the manor and lordship of Audeley and all other cast 2 March 1450 1450 patent Rolls Henry 6 vol 5 p 322
William Nedham kent Commission to John Lysle, knight, John Baker, John Davy, Ralph Say, Thomas Welle, John Ingolesby, William Nedeham, Thomas Chamberlayn and the sheriff of Southampton, reciting that contrary to the statute of 2 Henry V, [Stat. I, c. 6.], certain the king's 3 April 1452 Westminster 1451 patent Rolls Henry6_Vol_5_P_441
John Nedham kent Commissioner: Commission to Ralph Pole, William Laken, William Maynwaryng and John Nedham, appointing them to make inquisition in Salop touching the petition of John Hertcombe, kinsman and heir of Richard Hertcombe, setting forth that John., de Monte Acut 16 Mar 1452 Westminster 1452 patent Rolls Henry6_vol_5_p_538
John Nedham kent Commissioner: Commission to Master. Zanobius Mu] akyn, doctor of decrees, Master John Druell, doctor of either law, Master William Howeper, doctor of laws, Master Thomas Wynterborn, doctor of laws, Thomas Byllyng, John Nedham and Hugh Wyche, appointing th 20 Aug 1452 Westminster 1452 patent Rolls Henry6_vol_5_p_564
Richard Nedeham Greenwich Kent Short title: Sevoule v Nedeham. Plaintiffs: William Sevoule and Emme, his wife, daughter and heir of William Wykes. Defendants: Richard Nedeham, feoffee to uses. Subject: Messuage in Greenwich. Kent. 01/01/1475 1475 Chancery records C 1/58/299

 

Derbyshire Needham's First Record 1275

So, it looks as if by the end of the 13th century we have a Johes, Elias & Henry de Nedham, living at or close to High Needham. How they are related? If they are not related who are the ancestors of Elias & Henry?  We don't know.

So how do things change in the 14th century. Well quite a lot. In 1305 three records all from different source have Nedham's:

  • First there is Robert de Nedham who acted as the attorney for the Abbot of St Albans. But it's unclear where he resides. Presumably it's either in St Albans or in London
  • Then there are records in State papers where a John de Nedham receives a state pardon following the death of a clerk in Hartington. The pardon was granted because of John's service in Scotland. So, I'm presuming that John is from the Hartington area. It is also stated that John's father was Thomas. That doesn't fit with the base family tree but there is both a John and a Thomas de Nedeham alive round this time. The problem is that `John is the father of Thomas not the other way round. I need to check that the transcription by TAN is correct
  • In the patent rolls there is reference to a John, Thomas & Henry (son of Thomas) taking hoses and carts in Mathefeld (Mayfield) and Wetton in Staffordshire. These places are close to the Derbyshire border and not far from Ashbourne or Hartington. Is this the same John and Thomas mentioned above? Is Johes the same Johes in the 100 rolls, and is Henry the same Henry that was involved in the transaction in1284 in Flagge? The answer is probably

Table Lay Subsidy 1327/8

Who Abode county Issue Date Year Relatives Reference comment Page
Thom de Nedham
Iret (on)Kirk Ireton
Derbyshire
Lay Subsidy
1327/8
1328
Lay Subsidy
JDANHS
vol 11
44
Robt de Nedham
Iret (on)Kirk Ireton
Derbyshire
Lay Subsidy
1327/8
1328
Lay Subsidy
JDANHS
vol 11
44
Johes Nedham
Iret (on)Kirk Ireton
Derbyshire
Lay Subsidy
1327/8
1328
Lay Subsidy
JDANHS
vol 11
44
Galf de Nedham
Iret (on)Kirk Ireton
Derbyshire
Lay Subsidy
1327/8
1328
Lay Subsidy
JDANHS
vol 11
44

 

Then we have an interesting issue. In 1327/8 there was a Lay Subsidy Tax and there are good records for Derbyshire. There are four Nedham's all registered in Iret(on). Presumably this is Kirk Ireton near Ashbourne. The four are: Thom de Nedham, Robt de Nedham, Johes Nedham & Galf (Geoff) Nedham. The problem is these are the only Needham's in the Lay Subsidy records that I can find so the question is where are the Needham's from Needham? It's looking likely that these are they. Around the periods of the late 13th early 14th century the Burke Needham tree has a John de Nedeham who has a son John, a father Thomas who has a son Thomas and he has a son Robert. (see the table below). If this is the case then Thomas who marries Maud Mellor in 1354 is unlikely to be the Thomas who is registered at Ireton. To date I've found no other records of Needham's living in Ireton.

Table Ancestral Line for Needham's of Derbyshire - Needham Base Tree

Name

Abode

Birth

death

William De Nedeham

Needham

?

Abt. 1256

John de Nedeham

Needham, Derbyshire

?

Aft. 1278

John De Nedeham

Needham, Derbyshire, England

?

Abt. 1310

Thomas De Nedeham

Needham, Derbyshire

Abt. 1308

Aft. 1339

Thomas De Nedeham

Needham, Derbyshire, England

bef1329

aft 1363

Robert De Nedham

Needham, Derbyshire

bef 1362

?

John de Nedham

?

?

John Nedham

Bef. 1419

Otwell Needham

?

?

But there are other records which might help. A Thomas de Nedham the elder from Derbyshire is mentioned in the Calendar of Close Rolls in 1333 regarding a debt and in 1339 a Thomas de Nedham junior is witness to land deal in Magna Heyfield. Hayfield is close to Thornsett and the Thomas who married Maud Mellor had a father called Thomas. This could be Thomas the elder and Thomas the junior.

Table Thomas Nedham's

Person Abode county Issue Date Year Relatives Source
Thomas de Nedham the elder Derbyshire Derbyshire Godfrey Foljaumbe, Robert son of Richard Foljannibe, Roger de Melncr, and Thomas de Nedham the elder, acknowledge that they owe to John de Tiirneye 200l. ; to be levied, in default of payment, of their lands and chattels in co. Derby 1333 1333 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
Thomas de Nedham Hartington Derbyshire Pardon by reason of service in Scotland for death of rd de Hartington clerk 1302 1302 son John de Nedham State Papers; TAN
Thomas de Nedham Hartington Derbyshire That John s Thomas de Nedham..went into the forst ….and too a hind 1398 1398 f Thomas de Nedham Tan
Thomas de Nedham jnr Magna Hayfield Derbyshire Witness: feoffment of land Magna hayfield in Beardhough 1339 1339 D76/MT/2
Thomas de Nedham the elder Derbyshire Derbyshire Hugh de Strelleye, .Tobn de W^ggcleye, Gorlfrey Poljaumbe, Kobert son of Richard Foljannibe, Roger de Melncr, and Thomas de Nedham the elder, acknowledge that they owe to John de Tiirneye 200/. ; to be levied, in default of payment, of their lands and chattels in co. Derby. Cancelled on payment. 1333 1333 Calendar of the Close Rolls, Edward III, Vol. 3. 1333-1337        
Thomas Needham Thornsett Derbyshire

1327/77

 

1327/77 w Maud Mellor Journal Of The Derbyshire Archaeological And Natural History Society (Volume 26) - Page 362

 

What of the others Robert, Johes (John) or Galf (Geoff). Well in 1362 a Robert de Nedham is involved in three land deals in Hayfield. These involved the Mellor family and it leads one to believe this occurred after Maud Mellor married Thomas de Nedeham in 1354. So, it is possible that this Robert was the son of Thomas. To complicate things in 1369 Cecily the daughter of Robert de Nedham is gifted land in Castleton presumably on the death of either her father Robert (w Joan Barth) or her grandfather, Thomas. And to make matters more complicated, in 1372 a Robert de Nedham from Castleton is witness to the sale of a burbage in Castleton. Is one of these Robert's the Robert from Kirk Ireton and/or the son of Thomas and Maud Mellor. Quite confusing.

Then we have John's. According to TAN in 1360 Johes son of John de Nedham was involved and fined for hunting stags and a hind and in 1398 another John de Nedham (father Thomas) went into the forest and shot arrows at foresters at Wildbore Clough, which is in Staffordshire

Table Robert & John Nedham's (ex Lay Subsidy & Poll Tax)

Person Abode county Issue Date Year Relatives Reference
Robert de Nedham Magna Hayfield Derbyshire Feoffment by Roger son of Colin de Melner [Mellor] of Robert [? dil .....che] of Nedham [High Needham, p Hartington Middle Quarter] with 5 acres and 1 rood in Vill of Magna Haifel [Hayfield] called le Daddeschahebothom and le Todeholle. Witnesses: John de 1362 1362 D76/MT/1
Robert de Nedham Magna Hayfield Derbyshire Feoffment by Roger de Berdhalugh of Robert de Nedham with 3 roods of land and buildings thereon in le Whychull [? Whitle, p New Mills] in vill of Magna Hayfeld. Witnesses: Godfrey Foliambe knight then bailiff, Robert de Boure, Robert de Bredbury, William 1362 1362 D76/MT/4
Robert de Nedham Hayfield Derbyshire ladn at Hayfield 1362 D76/MT/5
Robert de Nedham Castleton Derbyshire 1/3 of burgage [abuttals given] ? in Castleton Gift of dower Cecily, spinster, daughter of Jn Barth/Robert of Nedham Witnesses: Roger of Thornhurst, Wm son of Ralph, Jn North, Jn Rowtor, and others Sunday before St Gregory the Bishop [11 Mar] 43 Edward II 1369 1369 w Joan Barth d Cecily (spin) D158/1/48
Robert Nedham Derbyshire William of Ruley, vicar of the church of Castelton, to John Mayoth and Isabella, his wife. A messuage and outbuildings and an adjoining curtilage in Castelton, to hold of the lord of the fee according to the services and customs. Witnesses: Roger of Thorn 1372 1372 wife Joan; dau Cecily OD/910
John son of Thomas de Nedham Hartington? Derbyshire The like, by reason of his service in Scotland, to john son of Thomas tie Nedham, for the death of Richard de Hertindon, clerk, and of any con- sequent outlawry. 30 Jan 1302 Linlithgow 1302 f Thomas de Nedham patent Rolls
John Needham Needham Derbyshire The Needhams were an ancient family of great repute in North Derbyshire. In researches I am now making into the history of the Peak Forest, I find that the Needhams were hereditary foresters of fee from the time of Henry III. to that of Elizabeth. Lysons 1327/77 1327 Journal Of The Derbyshire Archaeological And Natural History Society (Volume 26) - Page 362
John de Nedham Derbyshire With John s John de Pole (Hartington) took 2 stags and one hind 1360 1360 f John de Nedham TAN
John de Nedham Bentley Derbyshire Grant for rent 1377 1377 Derbyshire Charters - Jeaye
John de Needham Derbyshire Derbyshire land at Fairffield 1387 1387 w Christian D998/1
John de Nedham Derbyshire John s thomas de nedham …went into the forest with greyhounds at Wyldborclouh..shot at the forestors with arrows.. 1398 1398 f Thomas de Nedham Tan
John Needham Needham Derbyshire 1327/77 Journal Of The Derbyshire Archaeological And Natural History Society (Volume 26) - Page 362

 

 

Finally, we have the Poll Tax returns of circa 1379 and there are four Nedham's recorded in the Derbyshire returns:

Table Derbyshire Poll Tax 1379

Who

Abode

County

Year

paid

other

Willelmo de Nedham

Derby

Derbyshire

1379

4d

labor

Robertus de Nedham

Castleton

Derbyshire

1379

40d

ux'

Robertus filius eius

Castleton

Derbyshire

1379

4d

ux'

Johannes de Nedham

Bowden

Derbyshire

1381

12d

 

So, what do we make of these returns? Robert, the father, is by far the most important of the four and he resides in Castleton; his son is Robert. Johannes de Nedham lives in Bowden. Bowden Middlecale is the original name for Hayfield and New Mills. So, Johannes or John is presumably John the son of Robert. Thus, it would appear to me that Robert de Nedham who resided in Castleton in 1379 was the son of Thomas de Nedham. If this is the case his mother couldn't have been Maud Mellor as Thomas and Maud married in 1354. It is more than likely that John de Nedham of Bowden is also the son of Thomas with Robert of Castleton having at least one son who is also called Robertus (from Castleton)

So, what does this tell us, what can we conclude about the Needham's up to the end of the 14th century:

  • The Needham's move around. They appear to be around High Needham at the beginning of the 14th century but by the end a branch has moved to Castleton, another to Derby, while a third moves to the Thornsett/Hayfield area. A fourth is in Derby and a fifth in Fairfield. Plus William de Nedham has moved to Cranage in Cheshire
  • By the end of the century all the Nedeham's have changed to Nedham
  • They appear to be quite an aggressive lot being involved in a death in Hartington and aggression near Ashbourne
  • There is a habit of calling son's after the father which causes confusion

Next comes the 15th century when the Needham's truly spread their wings

The Needham's spread their Wings

We know from Burke that a main leg of Needham's started from Needham Grange near Buxton when William married The Heiress of Nedeham and took the name William de Nedeham. We can see how they spread their wings by looking through medieval documents. In the 13th and 14th centuries we've found that the Needham's have not surprisingly begun to move around. At the beginning of the 14th century they appear still to be centred around High Needham but by the end of the century a branch has moved to:

  • Castleton,
  • another to Derby
  • while a third moves to the Thornsett/Hayfield area.
  • a fourth is in Derby
  • a fifth in Fairfield
  • a sixth has set up shop at Cranage in Cheshire

So, what happens in the 15 th century?

The Needham dynasty in Castleton is strengthened during the 15th century. In 1405 we have Thomas then in 1413 Otwell but the major person is Christopher Nedham who is first recorded in 1437 associated with land deals in Castleton then in every decade until 1479 but and there is a big but a Christopher is in this time period also attending court rolls in Bowden/Glossop in the same time period. The question is: are these all the same person or more likely is the Christopher at court in Bowden living in the area? I believe there are at least two Christopher's:

  • one the sons of Thomas and Agnes who resides in Castleton and was born around 1393.
  • The other is Christopher son of John who would have been born around 1440.

What we can say is that all records for Christopher up to about 1460 are those of Christopher son of Thomas.

Table Christopher Nedham

who abode County What year source
Christopher Nedham Derbyshire Cristoforus Nedham de eisdem villa et comitatu, gentilman, habuit dicto die Veneris in dominico liberum tenementum ibidem, quod tenetur in socagio, et valet per annum ………………xx,s 1431 Inquisitions & Assessments relating to Feudal Aids AD 1284-1431 Vol 1
Christopher Nedham Derbyshire Cristoforus Nedham de Bawdon in dicto comitatu, gentilman, habuit dicto die Veneris liberum tenementuin in dominico in Castelton, quod tenetur in socagio, et valet per annum - . . _ xiij. s. iiij.d. 1431 Inquisitions & Assessments relating to Feudal Aids AD 1284-1431 Vol 1
Chrisf Needham Held at Castleton Derbyshire Court 1440 Feaudla History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI
Christie Needham Castleton Derbyshire Court 1441 Feaudla History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI
Christopher Nedeham Castleton Derbyshire Philip Alott, chaplain, to John Bagger of Castilton. A burgage with buildings on it in Castilton between lands of Christopher Nedeham and John Bagger, and various pieces of land in Litilroycroft, Overridyngfelde, Spittillfed, and Utdantfeld (boundaries de 1442 OD/914
Christopher Nedham ? Derbyshire 1256. Sale from Nicholas son of Robert Coterell to William son of Richard de Venion, knt., and Ralph de Legh of all his goods and chattels in return for 20 marks. Witn. Christopher Nedham, Robert Radclyf, Henry Pylkynton. Dat. apud Thorshed, S. a. Nat. of B. V. M. [8 Sept.], 23 Plen. VI. [1444]. (Bowles.) 1444 Derbyshire Charters by I H Jeaye
Christofre Nedam Chapel en le Frith Derbyshire Witness; Lands in Bukstones & Chapell Parish 1458 Bag C/1374 SCA
Christopher Nedeham Castleton Derbyshire Roger Bradwall to Elias Furnes. A burgage in Castilton between the mill and the burgage of Richard Cadmon to hold of the lord of the fee according to the services and customs. Witnesses: Christopher Nedeham, Martin Hall and John Tyme of Castilton. At Cast 1462 OD/916
Christopher Needham Bowden Derbyshire frank pledge 1463 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
Christopher Needham Glossop Derbyshire frank pledge 1463 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
Christopher Needham castleton Derbyshire 1471 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
Chrisf- Needham At Castleton Derbyshire A view oF frank pledge; present….. Christf- Needham 1472 Fuedal History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI
Chrisf- Needham At Glossop Derbyshire A view oF frank pledge; present….. Christf- Needham …..free tenants, made default in service; Robt. Smyth of Ludworth, yoman, Hy. Lester of Buxton, yoman, and Rich. Coup de ead, stole 15 young oxen of Thos. Smyth, at Ludworth; Brian Mellor made affray upon Otiwell Holland ; .Saunder Blomhall is an eavesdropper by night; Nicolas Garlick, a free tenant in default. 1473 Fuedalaudla History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI
Christ. Needham At Bowdon Derbyshire …. .Christ. Needham… ...free tenants, made default in service; Elena Leake stole a flitch of bacon and some (kercheles) of the goods of Jo. Torre of Martynside, and Margt wo. of Rich. Offerton, aided and abetted her. John Boter made affray upon Lawrence Crowshawe and Rich. Marler upon Lawrence; Thos. Bowden and jo. Willeson, free tenants, made default in service.
1473 Fuedal History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI

 

Later in the 1460 & 70's there are records associated with William ('63, '64,'73 & '74), who was a juror in Castleton, and Robert (1478) who was a chaplain.

Table WIlliam Nedham's

who abode County What Date year source
WilliamNedham Ffeyrefield Derbyshire Rent roll between 1412 & 1432 1412 1412 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
William Needham castleton Derbyshire frank pledge; juryman 1463 1463 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
William Needham castleton Derbyshire frank pledge; juryman 1464 1464 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
Wm Needham HELD AT castleton Derbyshire A court; Wm. Furness is elected as Frank pledge for Castleton and juryman . Wm. Needham and Thos. Sherman likewise 12 ed. IV. Wednesday next before the Feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Feb. 2.) 1473 Feaudla History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI
Wm Needham HELD AT castleton Derbyshire A Court: John Halle v. Jo. Donne. Rich. Howe, Wm. Townsend, John Gardner, and Wm. Needham, Jurors for valuing a dish (patell) of the goods of Mark Tymme for a plough-rent owing to the Duke of Clarence, 33. 4d. Thos. Coly v. Rich. Howe and Nich. Howe. 12 ed. IV. Wednesday before the Feast of St. Margaret the Virgin. 1473 Feaudla History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI
Wm Needham HELD AT castleton Derbyshire A court held: John Hall surrendered a burgage between his own land and the Peeksers, late in the ten of Roger Thornhill, to the use of Rad. Hyde, of Tydd, who appeared by Rich. his son, who gave to the Lord for ingress and did fidelity.
Roger Townsend v. Rich. Cok; Roger Hall v. Wm. Yreland, detinue of one (lengthm) value 20d., and v. Hy. Stafford in detinue; Wm. Needham, Wm. Fornes, Rad. Orme, Gyles Tyme, jurors—1 cow of Robt. Kirk, 75., 1 cow of Edmund Crosslee, 6s., 1 ox of John Showre, 6s., 1 dish of Martin Tyme, 4s , 1 little dish of Thos. Sherman, 10d., 1 dish of Jo. Done for rents of the Lord; Thos. Done v. Thos. Hill of Highlow, and v. Robt. Bagger and Cecilia Wo. of Wm. Bagger, exors. of his will, for detaining a bed worth 10s., a girdle (zona) worth 40d., a gorget worth 6d., a sheep (ove) worth 2s. 6d.
Wm. Melond v. Thos. Tasker; Jo. Crosby v. Robt. Snydale, destroying a garden.
13 ed. IV. on the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel (agth Sept.) 1474 Feaudla History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI
William, son and heir of William Nedeham, gentleman Needham Grange Derbyshire Subject: Manor of Sheynton and land in Pulesdon and Prees; land called Nedeham Graunge, late of Sir John Nedeham, knight 1475-1480, or 1483-1485 1485 C1/67/263
William, son and heir of William Nedeham, gentleman Needham Grange Derbyshire Committing waste in manor of Shenton, messuage and land in Pullesden, and messuages called `Mylnehethes,' and `Nedeham Grange.'. Shropshire, Derbyshire 1475-1480, or 1483-1485 1485 C1/58/83

 

Unfortunately, there are no more records of Needham's in Derby but as you would expect there are a number of Nedham's in the Bowden/Glossop/Hayfield area. In the 1330's there is reference to Thomas junior in Hayfield in 1339. Presumably this is the son of Thomas the elder recorded in 1333. In 1362 a Robert Nedeham has involvement in land dealings in Hayfield while in 1399 Otiwell Nedham is involved.

Back to the Poll Tax of 1381 and a Johannes is registered in Bowden, the original name for Glossop. The Needham's continue to be associated with Bowden through the 15th century with both Christopher (1431 to 1473) and Otiwell (1461 to 1499) appearing as jurors.

A similar position holds with regard to land in Hayfield with Otiwell dealing in 1399 through to at least 1413 and John and his son John dealing in 1423 and 1453 respectively

Thomas married Maud Mellor in the mid 1350's and it is believed moved to Thornsett. However, there are only two records in the 15th century that reflect this. In 1423 John from Thornsett has land dealings In Hayfield and in 1471 and 1472 he pays rent

However, the major change is the Needham's moving into Wormhill. In 1409 John Needham purchases land in Wormhill and Hardwickwall. By 1433 he's listed in the Gentry of Derbyshire. He has a brother Roger, wife Agnes and at least one son, Hugh. On John's death around 1452, Hugh inherits his father's estate. He continues his father's land dealings in the area through the ‘60's, ‘70's and 80's. Roger too buys and sells land until his death. In addition a Robert Needham comes as chaplain and in 1463 is given property; he buys and sells land and property, the last transaction of which occurs in 1490. Not surprisingly John and Roger deal in land in the surrounding villages of Tideswell and Tunstead. They were also involved in an incident in 1442 when with others they broke into Tideswell church with bows drawn in search of Nifh & Henry Bredshaw (Bradshaw?). You wonder what that was all about because the records are not clear.

Table John Nedham's

who abode County What Date year Relatives source
John Nedham Wormhull Derbyshire Henry de Hall son of William de Hall to John Nedham of Wormhull, Gervase son of Robert Woderoue, William Blake, Richard of Glossop, John of Buxton, William son of Thomas Aleynson, William son of John le Wright, John son of Thomas Hopkinson, Robert of Urdesley, John Wafurer, Henry son of John of Medoo, John son of John Hopkinson, and William son of John Alcok. One messuage and 32 acres in Wormhull of which 18 acres and the messuage lie in Mylnfeld and 14 acres in Herdwykwall to hold of the lord of the fee. Witnesses: Roger of Wormhull, Robert Woderoue, Adam Smyth, Thomas Aleynson, Roger de Peek. At Wormhull Endorsement that on the same day it was agreed between the within named freeholders and all the neighbours Betwene Dalls on the one part and Hogken Johnson of the Mylne Howse on the other that he should occupy Moxdale, part of the common Betwien Dalls paying to the inhabitants and the freeholders 2s. 6d. 14/02/1410 1410 OD/963; tan
John de Nedham Nedham Derbyshire John de Nedham of Nedham, co. Derby, ' husband,' for not appearing before Richard Norton and his fellows, justices of the Bench, to answer Thomas Fox of Notyngham touching a debt of 10 l. Nottingham. 6 May 1418 Westminster 1418 patent Rolls
John de Nedham Thoresete Derbyshire Letters of attorney from William de Dyndeley, vicar of Glossop, to Thomas de Woley to receive from the Steward in the Wapentake Court of the Peak a messuage called le Clyffe in Hayfeld surrendered by John de Nedham of Thornesete to use of Robert de Radcly 1423 1423 D76/MT/6
John de Nedham Derbyshire Bond in 60s by William Smyth of Buxton, son of Richard Smyth, and John Hethcote of Chelmardon [Chelmorton] to John Nedham . Conception of Mary [8 Dec], 2 Hen VI 1423 1423 D76/MT/7
John de Nedham Nedham Derbyshire Bond in 10 marks by John de Nedham to William Gudhyne of Hurdelowe [Hurdlow Town], younger. At Nedham, purification of Mary [2 Feb], 6 Hen VI. Endorsed with condition that William should have peaceful possession of messuage and 12 acres at Hurdelowe 2 Feb 1428 1428 D76/MT/8; Derbyshire Charters by I H Jeaye
Johannis Nedham Derbyshire Inquisition Post Morteum juror - sitting in Ashbourne 1431 1431 Inquisitions & Assessments relating to Feudal Aids AD 1284-1431 Vol 1
Johe Nedham Dead? Derbyshire Robto Ffetcher, Jolie fil Thoni. IIopkylison, eodm Johe, Willo Wryght, Capellis Cantie de Tyddiswall, Kisdem Capellis, Rico Lytton, Jolie Northe, Jolie Tunsted, Johe Nedham , Jolie Tliomason, Tota Villat pr. increment. Willo Plumton milite, Rogo de Wormliill, Robto Woderove, 10 Hy. VI 1432 Feaudla History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI
Jo. Needham wormhill Derbyshire frank pledge 1442 1442 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
Jo. Needham Wormhill Derbyshire View of Frank Pledge; jurors 20th hy. VI. feast oF st. george, 23rd April. 1442 Feaudla History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI
John Needham, Roger Needham Tydd & Whiston Derbyshire Thos. Pursclous, Wm. Barton, Jo. Knollys, and Wm. Robynson, Frank pledge. Present, Robt. Bagshawe, Edward Bagshawe, Ralf Bagshawe, Wm. Kirke, Wm. Bredshawe, and Jo. Shalcrosse of Horwich, John Needham, Roger Needham , Gervan Wodroff, and many others, unknown, came armed, and in array to the Church of Tideawell, in a quarrelsome manner, abusing verbally Nifh. Bredshaw and Henry Bredshaw, against the King's peace, and broke their house, asking for them ; and because they could not find them, stretched their bows, and went into the Church, before the altar of the Mass, and sought for them ; to the great disturbance of the people of the King. The said jurors presented, that all the Frank pledge had faith­fully presented, and lastly one Roger Holyngworth prosecuted a writ of debt for 6s. 8d. against Rich. Barton, and that the said Rich. lost 13s. £d. to be paid to the Sheriff, against the ordinances of the Common Council of the Lord King of the Duchy of Lancaster. 20th hy. VI. feast oF st. george, 23rd April. 1442 Feaudla History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI
John Nedeham; robert nedeham wormhill Derbyshire J ohn Nedeham of Wormell to Robert Nedeham, chaplain, and Robert Midelton of Herdwicwall. A tenement with 2 houses on it in Wormell between the tenement of John Bucstones and the common pasture, and received from his brother Roger , to hold of the lord of t 23/08/1446 1446 John brother of Roger Oakes Deeds; OD/970; tan
Jo. Needham Ffayrefielde Derbyshire payment 1452 1452 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
Johe. Needham Ffayrefielde Derbyshire payment 1452 1452 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
Johem Needham Tunsted Derbyshire ? 1452 1452 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
Johis Needham Hardwickwall Derbyshire payment 1452 1452 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
Johis Needham Tunsted Derbyshire ? 1452 1452 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
John Nedeham Wormhill Derbyshire Agnes, formerly wife of John Nedham  of Wormehyll to Hugh Nedham, her son, and Margery his wife. All right and title in lands and tenements in Wormehyll formerly belonging to her husband and since his death part of her dower. Witnesses: Thomas Teyleoa, vic 27 jun 1452 1452 Agnes w John Nedham; Son Hugh; wife Hugh Margery OD/972; tan
John Nedham Wormhill Derbyshire Thomas Tayleo, vicar of Tyddeswall and John Mason of the same, clerk, to Hugh Nedham , son of John Nedham of Wormehyll and Margare t, his wife. A messuage in Wormehyll and 32 acres of land, an office in le Champayne attached to the messuage with a reversion 26 Jun 1452 1452 Agnes w John Nedham; Son Hugh; wife Hugh Margery OD/965,971; tan
John son of John de Nedham Bowden Derbyshire Letters of attorney from James de Legh lately of Berd [Beard Hall, New Mills] to Ralph de Bredbury of Thorpe and William de Boudon to give seisin to Thomas de Boudon of lands with which he was enfeoffed jointly with Reginald de Legh and Thomas son of John 1453 1453 John son John D76/MT/9
John Nedham Ibulle (Ible) Derbyshire 1478. Grant from John Nedham of Ibulle to Robert Knyveton sen., esq., etc., of a messuage and lands in Ibulle which they had of the feoffment of John Sutton of Wynster. Witn. Ralph Gelle of Ibulle, John Beliden',' and John Beghton. Dat. Pur. of B. V. M. [2 Feb.], 32 Hen. VI. [1454]. (Woll. x. 14. 2 Feb 1454 1454 Derbyshire Charters by I H Jeaye
Johe Nedham de Thornesett Ffernelee, Kinder et Hayfield Magna. Derbyshire Duchy Rental: ….. Johe Nedham de Thornesett , Hug. Dewsnapp, Tho. fil Willi Mellour, Nicho de Hawe, Robto Marpull, Petro fil Johis Rowlynson, eod Petro p ter nup Ade. Hatton, eod Petro p ter nup Robti Chalade, Johe fil Jo. Rowlynson, 8s. 7d X EDWARD IV 1471 Fuedal History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI
Johem & Johis Needham Tunsted Derbyshire John Tunstid, 3s. 1d.; p ter Robti Ffletcher, eodem John p ter Reginald! Scripshaw, Robto Lytton, 3s. 4d. ; p terr Johis fil Thome Hoskinsonne, 3s. 4d. ; Nicho fil Johis p ter fris sui, Johanes Wright p terr pris sui, 6s. 8d ; Capell Cantar de Tiddeswall, Robto Lytton, Johem Tunstid, 7s.; codcm John p terr fil Thome Hopkynson, eodem Johem p terr Johis Needham , eodem Johe p intake, Tota villa p increment et turb. X EDWARD IV 1471 Fuedal History of the County of Derby; J.P. Yeatman; Vol 3 sect VI
Johe Nedham Thornsett Derbyshire 1472 1472 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
John Nedham & Roger Nedham Wormell Derbyshire Gervase Woderoffe of Wormell to John Tunstyd, Rodulf Medulton, John Woderoff, Robert Nedham, John Hopkynson, John Hyll, John Gylbard and William Urdesley. All the lands and tenements in le Medow which he had from Roger of Wormell to hold of the lord of the fee. Witnesses: Hugh Nedham, Robert Benet, and William Palfreymon. At Wormell, feast of St. Barnabas in the 17th year of Edward IV. Letters of attorney of even date for livery of seisin. 11/06/1477 1477 OD/978, 977

 

The Needham's also rent land to farm. One parish where land is rented is Fairfield, which is now part of Buxton. Throughout the 15th century various Needham's rented land. This is summarised in the table below. You can see that over a sixty plus year span nine Needham's rented land in Fairfield and that none of the first four who rented land at the beginning of the century rented land in the second half of that period and visa versa. This probably means that those Needhams who rented land from 1452 onwards were probably children of at least one of the earlier Needham's

Table Needham's renting land in Fairfield

Who

Year

Where

Phillip

1413/32

Fairfield

Ric

1413/32

Fairfield

Edward

1413/32

Fairfield

William

1413/32

Fairfield

Henry

1452

Fairfield

Thomas

1452

Fairfield

Laur.

1452

Fairfield

Jo.

1452

Fairfield

Johe.

1452

Fairfield

Johe.

1471

Fairfield

Thomas

1471

Fairfield

Laur

1471

Fairfield

Henri

1471

Fairfield

Rico

1471

Fairfield

 

What of the other places. There are a number of meetings involving Needham's in Chapel en le firth. Henry and Robert Needham in 1493 and 1498 were Foresters of fee Champana while Otiwell was accused of trespass of sheep in 1493 and in 1458 Christopher was witness to land transactions. So I'm guessing that few of these actually lived in Chapel

In 1494 & 95 we find Brian Nedham in Holmesfield. Brian is the brother of Otiwell. Then Xpo. Needham and Tho. Needham rent land in Whitehill, which is near Coombes, in 1452 and later in 1471. A similar rent agreement between the estate and Johis and Johem Needham in Tunstead was in place between 1452 and 1471

So, by the end of the 15th century the Needham's are established in the Hayfield/Thornsett, Castleton and now Wormhill areas.

 

Suffolk First Record 1324

There has always been a claim that Needham's originated in Norfolk (and hence Needham) and that the surname as we know it originated from a small village in Suffolk. Well in 1324 there is a John de Nedham living in the Suffolk village of Nedham and in 1343 there is a Richard le Slautter of Nedham. You can debate whether the latter is a true Needham. My view is that he isn't.

But in 1433 there is reference to a William Nedham who is parson of the church of Ratelsden in Suffolk and who failed to appear in court in London concerning a debt. To me this implies that William is probably not a local of Suffolk

who abode County What Date year Relatives source comment 1
Richard le Slautter of Nedlam Nedham Suffolk Commission of oyer and terminer to Richard de Kelleshull, Ralph de Bockyng, 'William Giffard and Robert de Teye, on complaint by John Tibetot, ' chivaler,' that Richard de Wyght the elder, Richard de Wyght the younger, Adam le Shepherd of Combos, Hugh le 6 Dec 1343 Westminster 1343 patent Rolls
Robert Fysshere of Nedham [Needham] Nedham Suffolk 1. John de Heuenyngham, kt Philip de Heuenyngham, esq. Henry Ingelose, esq. John Sprot, esq. Robert Fysshere of Nedham [Needham] 2. Richard Shirlok, son of John Shirlok of Ilketelishale [Ilketshall] (1) appoint (2) their attorney to occupy, administer and keep manor of Badele with all goods and chattels, movable and immovable, and to receive all moneys. Given 10 Jun.11 Hen. IV.

Physical condition: 3 seals (1 armorial, incomplete, another fragmentary) on 2 tags; another tag, presumably with 2 seals, missing
10/06/1410 1410 HD 1538/121/3 Suffolk Record Office, Ipswich Branch
John Nedham and John West of Hengrave Hengrave Suffolk At Hengrave (i) John Alysaundre, tailor, of Bury St. Edmunds to (ii) John Nedham and John West of Hengrave. Grant of a messuage with a garden and croft adjoining in Hengrave, between the tenement of Robert Skelton and land of Edward Lardener, S. and the tenement of William Angoold, N., abutting E. on the common green and W. on the common of Hengrave. To hold to (ii) and their heirs, of the chief lords. Warranty clause. Witnesses: William Angoolde; Walter Nench; John Bogeys; William Wyseman; John Bullok.

Physical condition: Seal: red wax; armorial; ALE-. NDRI. G-ODCHILD. + worn impression.
01/10/1425 1425 449/2/306 Suffolk Record Office, Bury St Edmunds Branch
William Nedham Ratelesden Suffolk William Nedham, parson of the church of Ratelesden, co. Suffolk, for not appearing before the same to answer John Potysmore of Stratford atte Bowe, co. Middlesex, touching a plea of debt of 20 marks. London 9 July 1433 Westminster 1433 patent Rolls Henry 6 vol 2 p240
BARKING WITH NEEDHAM MANOR, rental (17th cent copy) suffolk rental (17th cent copy) 01/01/1476 1476 HA1/BD3/1 Suffolk Record Office, Ipswich Branch
sir John Nedham & Richard Nedham Nedham Suffolk 1. Nicholas Wodeward and wife Joan of Cretyng [Creeting] St Mary John Fennyng of Nedham [Needham] Market Robert Michell of Stowe Market [Stowmarket] 2. John Danyell of Hadlegh [Hadleigh] William Gardenerof Hadlegh [Hadleigh] John Emrigale of Hadlegh [Hadleigh] (1) to (2), built messuage lying in Cretyng St Mary between bondage of Cretyng Hall formerly of the Abbot of Berneye [Bernay in Normandy] and messuage of John Barker, 1 head abutting in part on croft called le Meredown and in part on curtilage late of Edmund Baker, formerly of William Kenmer' and now of Thomas Hunn, other head abutting on le Hakkemelle merssh; which (1) lately had by feoffment of Joan Kay and William Havell dated 20 Jan. 18 Edw. IV [1479]; to hold of chief lords of fee for accustomed services. Warranty clause. Witnesses: William Fysher, Edward Grynsent, William Herte and others. Given at Cretyng St Mary, 9 Apr. 7 Hen. VII. (HD 1538/195/30-32 mounted together for binding)

Physical condition: Turn-up tags and seals cut away
09/04/1492 1492 HD 1538/195/30 Suffolk Record Office, Ipswich Branch

 

Lincolnshire First Record 1327

As we have seen in the distribution maps statistically there is a high density of Needham's in Lincolnshire by the 17th century - refer to the Distribution page . However, there are two records to date of a Nedham in medieval records this time a Walter de Nedham. In 1327 he's recorded in the Lay subsidy in South Witham and Lobthorpe while in 1340 he's in South Wyme. Again, where does he come from and what happens to his family only time will tell

Person Abode county Issue Date Year Relatives Reference
Walter de Nedham South Witham and Lobthorpe Lincolnshire Lay Subsidy 1327 1327
Walter de Nedham South Wyme Lincolnshire The like to Thomas Wake of Lidel, Bartholomew de Burghersh, John de Molyns, William de Sharesbull, William Basset, Master Henry de la Dale and Richard .de la Pole, on complaint by Richard de Ty, clerk, that Walter son of Walter de Gloucestre, Ranulph de P 20 Nov 1340 Wallingford 1340 patent Rolls

 

Salop First Record 1439

One of the most famous Needham's was Sir John Nedeham who was born at Cranage in Cheshire. He first appears in the records in 1439 at Shenton. By 1441 he is the MP for Newcastle under Lyme and in 1447 a JP. In 1449 he became an MP in London and 1452 a Sergeant at Law then 1453 he was appointed the Kings sergeant. In 1465 he was knighted. Eventually he became a Justice of Common Pleas and made judgements around the country in Hertfordshire 1454/5, Huntingdonshire 1454, Staffordshire 1455, Leicestershire 1462, Warwickshire 1467, Nottinghamshire 1469 and was a Justice of Assize in Yorkshire and Lancashire. He died in 1480. He has more entries in medieval records than any other Needham. So, care is needed when identifying where Needham's resided as John Nedeham has multiple entries around the country

Table John Nedham

Who Where County What When year source
John Nedham Shaynton Salop William Bulkeley of Ayton co. Cheshire ' gentUman ' and JohnNedham of Shaynton co. Salop ' gentUman ' to John Brokholes one of the clerks of chancery. Recognisance for 20 marks payable 10 marks on Midsummer day next and 10 marks on the feast of St. Martin in winter foUowing, to be levied etc. in the counties aforesaid. 29 Oct 1439 1439 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
John Nedham Salop The said William Bulkeley and John Nedham to the said John Brokholes. (Like) recognisance, payable 10 marks on Midsummer day 1441, and 10 marks on the feast of St. Martin in winter following. Midsummer day 1441 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
John Nedham Cheshire Cheshire In fee by Thomas de Wylberham to Sir John Maywaryng (sic) Kt., Randle Eggerton and John Nedham, of 2 messuages, 50 acres of land, 3 acres of meadow and 2 acres of wood with appurts. in BRUNDELEY and BURLOND, viz. 1 messuage, 30 acres of land, 2 acres of meadow and 1 acre of wood with appurts. in BRUNDELEY which William Chere now holds, and the other messuage, 20 acres of land, 1 acre of meadow and 1 acre of wood with appurts. in BURLOND, which John Jevanson and Alice Tervyn now hold. Witnesses: Randle Maynwaryng the elder, John Wetenhall and Thomas Chann. Given the Monday next after the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, 19 Henry VI. Seal, red, illegible. Parchment. 01/01/1441 1441 Fuedal History of Derbyshire vol3 sect6 yeatman
John Nedham Salop The said WiUiam Bulkeley and John Nedham to the said John Brokholes. (Like) recognisance, payable 10 marks on Midsummer day 1442, and 10 marks on the feast of St. Martin in winter following. midsummers day 1442 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
John Nedham Salop The said William Bulkeley and John Nedham to the said John Brokholes. Recognisance for 10 marks payable on Midsummer day 1443. Midsummer day 1443 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
John Nedeham Westminster London To WUUam Hyndeston. Order under a pain of 1,000/. to make ready on 2 July next to take upon him the estate and degree of serjeant at law, to which by advice of the councU the king has appointed him. Like writs to the following : William Laken. William Wan 1 Feb 1452 1452 Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Henry VI, Vol. 4. 1447-1454
John Nedeham London London To William Hyndeston. Order under a pain of 1,000l. to make ready on 2 July next to take upon him the estate and degree of serjeant at law, to which by advice of the council the king has appointed him. Like writs to the following : William Laken. William Wangford. William Boeff. Thomas Litelton. Richard Choi-John Nedeham.Thomas Billyng. 6 Nov 1452 1452 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
John Nedeham London London Thomas Raughey citizen and ' haberdassher ' of London to John Norman alderman..citizen of London. John Nedeham late of London ' gentilman,' Thomas Bryan ' gentilman,' John Seynykill and Robert Chirch citizens and ' haberdaashers,' all of London, their executora and aaaigna. Gift of all his goods and chattels, and all debts to him due. Dated 5 April 30 Henry VI. 22 May 1452 1452 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
John Nedam London London John Hertcombe, cousin and heir of Richard Hertcombe, to John Savage the younger, AVilliam Stanley esquirea and Thomas Kendale. Grant of authority to cause a deed to be made and sealed in his name to James Strangways knight, Robert Danby one ot the juaticea of the Common Bench, John Nedam aerjeant at law and Richard Carlill of the castle, lordship and manor of Mohaute and Mohautesdale, and to deliver the same to them, appointing Jolm Savage and the others his attorneys to enter the same, when he shall have any title to enter, and to give the saicl James and the others seisin thereof ; the said deed to be in the words upon a schedule annexed, the date excepted, which they shall have authority to add. Dated 11 March 32 Henry A'L 11 March 1454 1454 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds; Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Henry VI, Vol. 4. 1447-1454
John Nedam Huntingdon Jolm Hertcombe (as above) to James Strangways knight. Robert Danby, John Nedam (both us above) and Richard Carlill. their heirs and assigns. Charter and release of the castle, lordship and manor of Mohaute and Mohautesdale. Memorandum of acknowledgment, 14 April. AA'illiam Huntyngdon, clerk, to John lord Stourton 14 April 1454 1454 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
John Nedeham London John Tuchet, son and heir of James Tuchet lord Audeley knight to his sadi father and Thomas his son … John Nedham and Philip More rector of Mackeworth granted a third part of the manor of Eggemondon, a moiety of the borough or town of Newporte, and all lan 14 Feb 1455 1455 Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public ... v.6 Henry VI 1454-1461. Great Britain
John Nedeham London … John Nedham and Philip More granted the manor of Chesturton co. Stafford, a fourth part of the manor of Broghton co. Wiltesir and all their lands, rents, reversions and services in Chesturton and Broghton to the said James for life, with remainder to th 14 Feb 1455 1455 Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public ... v.6 Henry VI 1454-1461. Great Britain
John Nedeham London … John Nedham and Philip More granted the manor of Lycombray and all their lands, rents, reversions and services in Great Aston co. Salop to the said James for life, with remainder to the said Humphrey and the heirs of his body, remainder to the right hei 14 Feb 1455 1455 Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public ... v.6 Henry VI 1454-1461. Great Britain
John Nedeham Norton London Memorandum of acknowledgement at Norton, 18 May, before John Nedeham , by virtue of a dedimus potestatem which is on the chancery ?le for this year. 18 May 1457 1457 Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public ... v.6 Henry VI 1454-1461. Great Britain
John Nedham Leicester Leicester Memorandum of acknowledgment at Leycestre, 20 Ajiril this year, before John Nedeham, b y virtue of a dedimus potestatem which is on the chancery file for this year 20 April 1462 1462 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
John Nedham Leicester Memorandum of acknowledgment at Leycestre, 20 Ajiril this year, before John Nedeham, b y virtue of a dedimus potestatem which is on the chancery file for this year 20 April 1462 1462 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
John Nedeham Leicester London Richard Moton, brother of Robert Moton knight deceased, to Elizabeth who was wife of the said Robert, her heirs and assigns. Quitclaim with warranty ofthe manor and advowson of Pekylton, the profit of ' housbote, heybote ' and ' fyrebote ' in tbe woods of 20 Apr 1462 1462 Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Edward IV, Vol. 1 1461 - 1468
Sir John Nedeham Warwickshire Leio. C. 6483. Bond for 100 marks given by John Boteler of Alspath, co. Warwick, and William Hye to Nicholas Temple, esquire. 21 July, 5 Edward IV. Fragment of seal. Endorsed with condition of submission, by John Manyngham, the said William, and Joan his wife, to the award of Robert Danby, knight, chief justice of the common pleas, and John Nedeham, knight, justice of the common pleas, as to a messuage and mill in Little Shepey 21 july 1466 1466 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
Sir John Nedeham Warwickshire [Warw,] A. 8420. Bond by John Broune of Baddesley Clynton, co. Warwick,the elder, to William Catesby, knight, in 100Z. due at Christmas next,conditioned for his acceptance of the award of Thomas Throkmerton, Henry Boteler, and John Beaufitz to be delivered before the Epiphany next,touching the title to lands in Lapworth, co. Warwick, late belonging to John Brome of the same, in dispute between Catesby and himself, or, in case the arbitrators failed to agree, that he should stand to the award of Robert Danby, knight, chief justice of the king of the common bench,and John Nedeham, knight, one of the justices of the king of the same bench, to be delivered before the Purification next. 17 September, 6 Edward IV. Seal 17 Sept 1467 1467 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
Sir John Nedeham Warwickshire Warw. A. 8848. Bond by Alexander, abbot of Combe, to William Catesby, knight, in 100L conditioned for his observance of the award of Robert Danby, knight, chief justice of the king of the common bench, and John Nedeham, knight, the other of the justices of the king of the same bench in the matter of the title and possession of land &c. in Rodburn, Hodenhull and Ascote, which abbot Thomas his predecessor gave to Dame Emma Catesby for life with remainder to John Catesby her son and heir in tail male. 14 November, 6 Edward IV. Ecclesiastical seal. 14 Nov 1467 1467 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
Sir John Nedeham Warwickshire Warw. A. 9613. Bond by William Catesby, knight, to John Broune of Baddesley Clynton, the elder, in 100Z. due at Christmas, conditioned for his standing to the award of Thomas Throkmorton, Henry Boteler and John Beaufitz, or if they failed to agree, to the award of Robert Danby, knight, chief justice of the king of the Common Bench and of John Nedeham, knight, one of the justices of the king of the same Bench, touching lands in dispute between them in Lapworth, co. Warwick, formerly belonging to John Brome of the same town. 17 Sept 6 Edward IV 17 Sept 1467 1467 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
Sir John Nedeham Lenton Nottinghamshire Notts. C. 4665. Indenture of award by William Babyngton ‘sqwyer,' and Richard Willughby,'sqwyer,' reciting that debates have been hanging between Thomas Woller, prior of Lenton and Robert Clyfton, knight, on the one part and Robert Strelley, knight, and John Aungers on the other, touching the title of a messuage in Lenton with land, &c. late William Baker's, in Lenton and Radford, whereof Sir Robert Clyfton has ' assise de Novell Disseson hanging before Sir Robert Danby, knight, and John Nedeham, knight, justices for assises to be taken in the shire of Nottingham ; and reciting that for peace to be had therein the parties had submitted themselves under penalty of 20/. to their ordinance ; they award that Sir Robert Clyfton be put in seisin of the premises, with warranty to him by Sir Robert Strelly and his heirs thereof against the abbot of Westmynstur ; and that Sir Robert Clyfton pay Sir Robert Strelly 4 marks. 1 September, 8 Edward IV. English. Fragments of seals. 1 Sept 1469 1469 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
Sir John Nedham & Richard Nedham London london Release by Margaret, relict of Thomas Codyngton, to John Codyngton, their son and heir, and to Thomas Ballyng, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, John Nedham, knight, a Justice of the Common Pleas, Richard Needham, of London, and John Elmebrigge, of her right in the manors of Codyngton and 'le Logge. Surrey.

Note: Seal
04/03/1470 1470 E 326/1159; The National Archives
Sir John Nedeham Surrey Surrey. B. 1159. Release by Margaret, relict of Thomas Codyngton, to JohnCodyngton, their son and heir, and to Thomas Ballyng, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, John Nedham, knight, a Justice of the Common Pleas, Richard Needham, of London, and John Elmebrigge, of her right in the manors of Codyngton and 'le Logge: 20 June, 10 Edward IV. Seal. 20 June 1471 1471 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
John Nedham, knt London London John Nedham. Knight, a Justice of the Common Please 20/06/1471; 10 Edward IV 1471 feet of fines
Sir John Nedeham London London Surrey. B. 1159. Release by Margaret, relict of Thomas Codyngton, to JohnCodyngton, their son and heir, and to Thomas Ballyng, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, John Nedham, knight, a Justice of the Common Pleas, Richard Needham, of London, and John Elmebrigge, of her right in the manors of Codyngton and 'le Logge: 20 June, 10 Edward IV. Seal. 20 June 1471 1471 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds

 

 

London First Record 1445

Clearly Sir John Nedeham lived in London and from 1449 he was an MP for a London constituency. However, in 1445 mention is made of Richard Nedham a mercer of London. Numerous records exist of land deals through the 1450' and 1460's. By 1459 he is a London sheriff and in 1471 he is sitting on the Kings bench. The last reference to Richard is in 1475. After this no records have been found of Needham's in London in the 15 th century. Both Sir John and Richard were powerful men who held high office. Although Sir John comes from Cranage to date I'm unsure of Richard's birth place

who abode County What Date year source
Richard Nedam London London Henry- Thomas of Wynchelsec ' beerbrewer ' to Richard Ryche citizen and mercer of London. John Fray chief baron of the exchequer, Richard Alrede esquire. Richard Ncdam citizen and mercer of London and Thomas Thunder the elder of Wynchelsec, their executors and assigns. Gift of his horse mill with two stones and other gear, all vessels pertaining to his use as ' beerbrewer ' within the liberty of Wynchelsec, namely one great ' ketcll ' of brass, three round ' vates.' one square ' vate ' and other needful utensils, and all other his goods and chattels in the town and liberty of Wynchelsec and elsewhere within the realm and oversea 11 Dec 1445 1445 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds; Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Henry VI, Vol. 4. 1441-1447
Richard Nedeham London London Robert Brandrede of Norbury and Henry Bynton of Riphill ' yoman,' both co. Kent, to John Gybbes. Recognisance for 100/., to be levied etc. in Kent. Condition, that the said Robert shall abide and perform the award of John Oxynden and Richard Nedeham chosen on his behalf, Roger Twysden and John Queke on behalf of John Gybbes, touching the right, title and possession of all lands in Caldam and elsewhere in Kent which on his death bed John Baker, grandfather of John Gybbes, by will appointed his feoffees, 15 Feb 1446 1446 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
Richard Godehyne (Nedham) and Alexander godehyne (Nedham) London London Richard Godehyne otherwise Nedam citizen and tailor of London to Thomas Parker citizen and armourer, William Chery- brond citizen and tailor, both of London, Reynold Peek ‘yoman ' and Alexander Godehyne otherwise Nedam, their heirs, executors and assigns. 22 June 1450 1450 Close Rolls HenryVI 1447-1454
Richard Nedeham London London Alice Cressy of London widow, late wife and executrix of Thomas Cressy citizen and ' irmonger ' of London, to Thomas Reymond citizen and tailor of London, his heirs, executors and assigns. Gift with warranty of all her goods and chattels within the realm, and all debts to her due by reason of that executorship or otherwise, or from her withheld. Witnesses : Thomas Beaumond, Ralph Holand, Richard Nedeham, Richard Vincent, Roger Tego 20 Apr 1450 1450 Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Henry VI, Vol. 4. 1447-1454
Richard Nedeham London London … Richard Nedeham citizen and mercer of London, Eborard Frere armourer, Robert Ayleyerd ‘ haberdassher ' and Robert Stratford ?shmonger citizens of London, their heirs, executors and assigns. Sale, and warranty, for a sum of money before- hand paid, of all 2 Sept 1452 1452
Richard Nedeham London … Witness (to will) Richard Nedeham , John Stone, James Caton, Gilbert Kays, William Balle. Dated London, 7 April 30 Henry VI. Memorandum of acknowledgment, 28 October this year……. 07 Apr 1452 1452
Richard Nedam (or Nedeham) London London Short title: Nedam v Mareys. Plaintiffs: Richard Nedam (or Nedeham), mercer, of London. Defendants: Thomas Mareys, chaplain, and Joan Mareys, widow, executors of William Mareys, esq. Subject: Bond. Kent. 5 documents. 01/01/1456 1456 Chancery records
Richard Nedeham London London Short title: Drayton v Nedeham. Plaintiffs: William Drayton, prisoner in Ludgate. Defendants: Richard Nedeham, mercer, Thomas Bernewey, draper, and other feoffees. Subject: Messuages in St Lawrence, Old Jury. London. 01/01/1456 1456 Chancery records
Richard nedeham London London B 1968, Giant by Henry Newerk, to Thomas Fetherston, Andrew Body and Richard Nedeham, citizens of London, and others, of a tenement in the parish of Allhallows, Bredestree, which he, together with John Rypley, esquire, John Kvng, William Edercyche and Robert Chessman. deceased, had of the feoffment of John Galle, chaplain, William Blyton and John Lysors. 8 June, 34 Henry VI. Seal. 8 June 1456 1456 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
Richard Nedam London London Thomas Bggyng citizen and vinter of London to Richard Nedam mercer, Richard Broghton ?shmonger and Henry Logan mercer citizens of London, their executors and assigns. Gift of all his goods, property, debts and chattels within the realm and elsewhere. Dat 13 Jun 1459 1459 Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public ... v.6 Henry VI 1454-1461. Great Britain
Richard nedeham London London York. (Middlesex) C. 2314. Indenture of apprenticeship by which Robert Flemyng, of Serleston, co. York, yeoman, binds Margaret Fleming, his daughter. apprentice to Gerard Brevern, citizen and vintner of London, and Margaret his wife, 'silkwomen'; for seven years from the present date to learn the business of the said Margaret. [ Witnesses :•-¦] .John Scot, mayor of London, Ralph Jesselyn and Richard Nedeham , sheriff. Midsummer day, 37 Henry VI. June 21 1459 1459 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
richard Nedeham London London Thomas Scot being mayor of London, Ralph Josselyn and Richard Nedeham sheriffs, and William Gregory alderman of the ward. Witnesses : John Derby, John Lokke, William Steven, Thomas Kent, William Seyntwyn. Dated the chapter house, 12 April, 37 Henry VI. M 12 Apr 1459 1459 Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public ... v.6 Henry VI 1454-1461. Great Britain
Richard Nedam London London Thomas Scot being mayor of London, Ralph Josseln and Richard Nedam sheriffs. Ralph Josselyn alderman of ‘ Cornhull ' ward and Thomas Cook of ‘ Bradstrete ' ward. Witnesses : Robert Drope, John Crompe, Thomas Rysby, Thomas Frere, John Beek. Dated London, 1 16 Jul 1460 1460 Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public ... v.6 Henry VI 1454-1461. Great Britain
Richard Nedeham London London WilUam Redknape and Edmund Redknape citizens and mercers of London, to John Dunne citizen and mercer of London, his heirs and assigns. Quitclaim, with warranty by WiUiam Redknape, of the two messuages which they and Ralph Verney alderman, John Maldon groc 2 Aug 1465 1465 Calendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public Record Office--Edward IV, Vol. 1 1461 - 1468
Richard Nedham London London WilUam Redknape and Edmund Redknape citizens and mercers of London, to John Dunne citizen and mercer of London, his heirs and assigns. Quitclaim, with warranty by WiUiam Redknape, of the two messuages which they and Ralph Verney alderman, John Maldon grocer, Richard Nedeham and Robert Skrayngham mercers citizens of London had by demise and feoffment of Williani Taylour, Richard Lee and John Felde aldermen citizens of London, John Noreice esquire, Master AVilliam Crouton clerk, Thomas Burgoyne and Thomas Bryan, situate in the parish of St. Mary Aldermarie London between a tenement formerly of Alice Araz and late of Thoiuas Knolles on the east, a tenement sometime of Thomas le Enfeld late of Dame Margery Norbury and the lane by the churchyard of St. Mary aforesaid on the west, ' Turnebastonlane ' on the south and a tenement of AVilliam Taylour and others, sometime of Simon Godard wherein John Wode ' grocer ' lately dwelt on the north. 24 Aug 1465 1465 Catolgue of Ancient Deeds
Richard Nedeham London London Release by Thomas Fetherstone & Andrew Body of London to RN & John Jeny of London of their right to a tenement in the parishof Allhallows, Bredestrete of which they with RN & JJ< Thomas Hethe, Robert Waryn & Roger Cok, the younger had benn enfeoffed by Henry newark 24 Oct 1467; 6 Edward IV 1467 feet of fines
Sir John Nedham & Richard Nedham London london Release by Margaret, relict of Thomas Codyngton, to John Codyngton, their son and heir, and to Thomas Ballyng, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, John Nedham, knight, a Justice of the Common Pleas, Richard Needham, of London, and John Elmebrigge, of her right in the manors of Codyngton and 'le Logge. Surrey.

Note: Seal
04/03/1470 1470 E 326/1159
Richard Needham London London siting on the Kings bench 20 Jun 1471; 10 Edward IV 1471 feet of fines
Richard Nedeham London London Short title: Rooke v The Sheriffs of London. Plaintiffs: Sir William Rooke, priest, petty canon of St Paul's Cathedral. Defendants: The sheriffs of London. Subject: Breach of promise by Richard Nedeham, of London, mercer, not to sue for the unpaid balance of bonds in which Rooke is co-obligor with Henry Gryndell, of London, mercer, and others. Certiorari. London. 01/01/1475 1475 Chancery records
Richard Nedeham London London Richard Nedeham was a Sheriff Midsummer day; 1399/1413 1399/1413 feet of fines

 

Buckinghamshire First Record 1456

A number of counties have less than a handful of records involving Needham's. One such county is Buckinghamshire where Edmund Nedham witnessed a land deal in Little Messenden. No more is known at this time but it would appear that there is at least one Needham (probably a family) in the county

who abode County What Date year Relatives source
Edmund Nedham little Messenden Buckinghamshire Bucks.] [Somers.) A. 8580. Feoffment by John Bernard the elder of Little Messenden son and heir of Walter Bernard to John Trenge of Trynge, ' maltman,' William Attedene of Ever, 'bocher,' John Carter of Agmondesham, ' wheler,' and Thomas Bovyndon of Penne,tailour,' of all those lands &c.in Messenden and Agmondesham, which he had by the gift and feoffment of Alice his mother in her widowhood to him and the heirs of his body, to hold to the said John and the others during his life. Witnesses : Edmund Nedam and others (named). Messenden, the last day but one of October,34 Henry VI. Oct 1456 1456

m Alice

 

Catolgue of Ancient Deeds

 

Hampshire First Record 1445

Like Buckinghamshire, there are a small number of records (three in this case) of Needham's in the county. The first involves (John) Nedeham the Sheriff of Southampton and the final two records refer to William Nedham a merchant also from Southampton. Before and after this date no Needham's were found in Hampshire for the rest of the century

who abode County What Date year Relatives source
[John] Nedeham Southampton Hampshire Short title: Despaigne v Nedeham. Plaintiffs: John Despaigne, merchant, of Spain. Defendants: [John] Nedeham, sheriff of Southampton. Subject: Actions against the plaintiff brought by the defendant before himself. Petition for a writ of `Corpus cum causâ.'. Hampshire. 01/01/1465 1465 Chancery records
William Nedeham Southampton Hampshire Short title: Talbot v The Mayor of Southampton. Plaintiffs: Robert Talbot, of Bristol (Bristowe). Defendants: [Mayor, etc. of Southampton.]. Subject: Action brought by John Rouland against complainant as being administrator of William Nedeham. Petition for a writ of `corpus cum causâ.'. Hampshire. 01/01/1465 1465 Chancery records
William Nedeham Southampton Hampshire Short title: Richard v Nedham. Plaintiffs: Sir Richard Chokke, knight, William Codur, and Richard Kaiton, commissioners for the reimbursement of losses arising through the Genoese. Defendants: William Nedham, of Southampton, merchant. Subject: Arrest of alum as belonging to Ellen Sturmy, of Bristol. Hampshire. 01/01/1465 1465 Chancery records

 

Rutland First Record 1493

Rutland is a small county but in the 17th century it has the highest density of Needham's. The first record is of Alice Nedeham who, in 1493, was in dispute on land in Seaton

who abode County What Date year Relatives source
Alice Nedeham Seaton Rutland Short title: Sheffeld v Nedeham. Plaintiffs: William Sheffeld. Defendants: Alice Nedeham. Subject: Detention of deeds relating to a messuage and land in Seaton. Rutland. 01/01/1493 1493 Chancery records

 

References

1. Burke's Peerage

2. History of Needham Grange: Francis Needham; http://www.needham-home.co.uk/id4.htm

3. Lack family tree: www.lackfamily.net

4. Rotuli Hundredorum vol 2 p192

5. Monachi Sancci Albani, Chronica Majora, Matthew Paris, Ed H R Luard Vol 6, p 422 & 432

 

Web 8 Jan 2018

 

 

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